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18th-19th Century Indo Persian Tulwar 'Lord of Cleaving' Bifurcated Blade

A rare, original, and glorious18th to 19th century legendary "Zulfiqar" [Lord of Cleaving] tulwar, with its distinctive bifurcated blade, covered in it's full length with Islamic script. Inlaid with silver circlets on the iron hilt. The middle eastern equivalent to the legendary British Medieval sword "Excalibur". A very similar sword is shown in W. Egerton's book, Handbook of Indian Arms? Plate XV, item 658. According to the tradition of Islam, the prophet Muhammad had two swords. The first was a straight bladed sword, common to the period, which is now shown in the Topkapi Palace Museum, Istanbul. The second sword is believed to have had a split double ended blade such as this sword. This sword was given to Ali, the prophet's son in law, who fought with it in many great battles and saw great victories. That sword was nicknamed Zulfikar (Lord of cleaving). This sword was lost, and no one exactly knows it's form other than by legend.In legend, the exclamation "la fata illa Ali la sayf illa Du l-Fiqar" is attributed to Muhammad, who is said to have uttered it in the Battle of Uhud in praise of Ali's exploit of splitting the shield and helmet of the strongest Meccan warrior, shattering his own sword in the same stroke. Muhammad is said to then have given his own sword Dhu-l-Fiqar to Ali to replace the broken sword. In another variant, the exclamation is not due to Muhammad but to "a voice on the battlefield", and the sword was given to Ali by archangel Gabriel directly. Many attempts to describe the Zulfikar have been made during the development of Islamic swords. Certainly that there is a possibility that this sword is one of those attempts to create a version of the legendary sword of Ali. By most accounts, Muhammad presented the Zulfiqar to a young ?Ali at the Battle of Uhud. During the battle, ?Ali struck one of the fiercest adversaries, breaking both his helmet and his shield. Seeing this, Muhammad was reported to have said " There is no hero but ?Ali and no sword except Dhu l-Fiqar". Blade cutting edge 78cm, width of blade at the ricasso 4.5cm, bifurcated points 23 cms long. Overall in superb condition for age. No scabbard

Code: 22587

1595.00 GBP


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NOW SOLD German Cavalry Nickel P-Hilted Sabre WW2.

Generally it was known as the cavalry sabre due to it's regular cavalry pattern form and used by the German cavalry regiments on horseback in WW2. Each German infantry division employed thousands of horses and thousands of men taking care of them. Despite losses of horses to enemy action, exposure and disease, Germany maintained a steady supply of work and saddle horses until 1945. Cavalry in the Army and the SS gradually increased in size, peaking at six cavalry divisions in February 1945. Made by Herder Solingen. There are numerous surviving original photographs of SS officer's wearing the very same pattern of sword. A photo in the gallery taken in 1936 of a large company group of 3rd SS 'Germania' officers and other ranks.

Code: 20140

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A Beautiful Antique Edo Period {1615 -1868 } Shakudo and Gold Kozuka and Kogatana of Seiobo Flying on Her Phoenix, also Known as Xiwangmu

with two attendants holding open gold fans. the background has crashing waves and a large urn decorated with pure gold clouds. the blade is fully signed. Kozuka is the small knife stored in Kozuka Hitsu (groove of the sheath [saya] of a Japanese sword). Many tsubas (sword handguard) have two holes pierced to put Kozuka and Kogai (hairdressing equipment for appearance) next to Nakagoana (a hole of the Tsuba to put sword), so that Samurai didn’t need to draw his sword out of the scabbard when he wanted to use his Kozuka or Kogai. Initially, Samurai used his kozuka knife for cutting wood or attacking enemies in an emergency. Xiwangmu, the Queen Mother of the West, is one of China’s most popular goddesses, and one of the oldest. She featured in the Daoist classic by Zhuangzi, part of which was written in the fourth century BC, though she achieved her greatest prominence in later times. She symbolises long life and is the patron goddess of women. The Chinese-imported goddess is less well-known in Japan, but may have been more ubiquitous in ancient times in Japan as localized funerary tomb figures. Statues of Xiwangmu have been found in tombs of the Kofun Period. Given her associations with immortality and her garden and peach tree of immortality, her popularity as a figure of the Underworld is not surprising. 205 mm long overall, kogatana blade 105 mm long, kozuka [handle] 97mm long 14mm wide

Code: 23841

595.00 GBP


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***FOR TODAY, A VERY SPECIAL DISCOUNT ON TWO -THERE WERE THREE SWORDS BUT ONE SOLD IN 20 MINUTES, FABULOUS ORIGINAL SAMURAI SWORDS, A TANTO, AND A KATANA

The Wakazashi sold in 20 minutes, only the tanto and katana remain. See below for photos descriptions and prices. All offered below cost!!

Code: 23839

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Very Scarce & Rare US Civil War Cavalry Officer's Deluxe Grade Combat Weight Sabre Fully Etched Blade

With typical traditional officer grade fancy cast hilt, with a shell embossed quillon, acanthus leaf casting to the pommel, knuckle bow and bars, and a finely etched blade, with fabulous natural age patina, etched with the monogram U.S, stands of arms with flags etc., and the usual complimentary acanthus leaf and arabesque scrolling. The hilt still has its original leather binding and, remarkably, part of its original brass wire binding. The scabbard is plain steel with considerable signs of combat use light denting etc. Number stamped 43 twice on the scabbard chape. In common with European officers the American officers often had the swords decorated with gilding & foliage. The most well known of these officers included George Armstrong Custer and J.E.B. Stuart. The Famous Model 1860 Light Cavalry Sabre also had the name of M1862 taken from when the initial 800 were issued saw service with the US cavalry during the American Civil War. It remained in service up to the end of the Indian wars.

Indeed examples remained in service through the Spanish?American War. Its length was approx. 41 inches including a 35 inch x 1inch blade. It had an approx. weight of 2 lb 6oz. The iron scabbard weighed 3 lb 10oz. [weights could change with different makers including Civil War imports such as by Kirschbaum of Solingen] A most famous owner an user of such an officer's US Light Cavalry sword was George Armstrong Custer (December 5, 1839 - June 25, 1876)who was a United States Army officer and cavalry commander in the American Civil War and the American Indian Wars.

Custer graduated from West Point in 1861 at the bottom of his class, but as the Civil War was just starting, trained officers were in immediate demand. He worked closely with General McClellan and the future General Pleasonton, both of whom recogniSed his qualities as a cavalry leader, and he was brevetted brigadier general of volunteers at age 23. Only a few days after his promotion, he fought at Gettysburg, where he commanded the Michigan Cavalry Brigade and despite being outnumbered, defeated J. E. B. Stuart's attack at what is now known as the East Cavalry Field. In 1864, Custer served in the Overland Campaign and in Sheridan's army in the Shenandoah Valley, defeating Jubal Early at Cedar Creek. His division blocked the Army of Northern Virginia's final retreat and received the first flag of truce from the Confederates, and Custer was present at Robert E. Lee's surrender to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox.

After the war, Custer was appointed a lieutenant colonel in the Regular Army and was sent west to fight in the Indian Wars. On June 25, 1876, while leading the 7th Cavalry Regiment at the Battle of the Little Bighorn in Montana Territory against a coalition of Native American tribes, he was killed along with all of the five companies he led after splitting the regiment into three battalions. This action became romanticiSed as "Custer's Last Stand".

His dramatic end was as controversial as the rest of his career, and reaction to his life and career remains deeply divided. Custer's legend was partly of his own fabrication through his extensive journalism, and perhaps more through the energetic lobbying of his wife Libbie Custer throughout her long widowhood

Code: 23175

2850.00 GBP


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SPECIAL CUSTOMER DISCOUNT, SAVE AN INCREDIBLE £2000A Koto Aikuchi Tanto 500 to 600 Years Old With Clan Mon.

!! Our regulars know, now and again, we offer very special pieces, below cost, to make space for an influx of new additions. This can be the perfect opportunity to seize an amazing bargain. With deeply ridge red lacquer saya horn fittings and menuki forming it's mekugi decorated with pure gold clan Gosan kirimon of powlonia. The blade is very attractive and around 500 to 600 years old. It's kozuka is most rare, in that it's hilt is a representation of a formed samurai sword's tang with it's signature with the large chrysanthemum mon. This is a rare and very desireable type of kozuka. The tanto is commonly referred to as a knife or dagger. The blade can be single or double edged with a length between 15 and 30 cm (6-12 inches, in Japanese 1 shaku). The tanto was designed primarily as a stabbing weapon, but the edge can be used for slashing as well. Tanto are generally forged in hira-zukuri style (without ridgeline), meaning that their sides have no ridge line and are nearly flat, unlike the shinogi-zukuri structure of a katana. Some tanto have particularly thick cross-sections for armour-piercing duty, and are called yoroi toshi. The blade is beautiful and remarkable for it's great age.

Code: 22999

2350.00 GBP


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SOLD ... SPECIAL CUSTOMER DISCOUNT, SAVE AN INCREDIBLE £2500A Very Fine Samurai Shinto Wakazashi

!! Our regulars know, now and again, we offer very special pieces, below cost, to make space for an influx of new additions. This can be the perfect opportunity to seize an amazing bargain. With gold and copper fushi kashira decorated with dragon. A most interesting o-sukashi tsuba. Signed kodzuka with hamon. Superb original Edo period lacquered saya with a stripe and counter stripe pattern design. Three hole nakago and superb polished blade of a gently undulating notare hamon. Wakizashi have been in use as far back as the 15th or 16th century. The wakizashi was used as a backup or auxiliary sword; it was also used for close quarters fighting, and also to behead a defeated opponent and sometimes to commit ritual suicide. The wakizashi was one of several short swords available for use by samurai including the yoroi toshi, the chisa-katana and the tanto. The term wakizashi did not originally specify swords of any official blade length and was an abbreviation of "wakizashi no katana" ("sword thrust at one's side"); the term was applied to companion swords of all sizes. It was not until the Edo period in 1638 when the rulers of Japan tried to regulate the types of swords and the social groups which were allowed to wear them that the lengths of katana and wakizashi were officially set.

Code: 19206

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SPECIAL CUSTOMER DISCOUNT, SAVE AN INCREDIBLE £3000, Sold Below Cost A Most Impressive Antique Late Shinto Edo Era Samurai Horseman's Katana

!! Our regulars know, now and again, we offer very special pieces, below cost, to make space for an influx of new additions. This can be the perfect opportunity to seize an amazing bargain, such as this fabulous sword for only £3750 now. All original Edo period fittings, and a very nice iron sukashi tsuba. The fuchigashira and sayagaki and jiri are matching brass decorated with fulsome designs and silver striping. The saya has all its original period Edo lacquer impressed with a cloud patterning, and in dark bulls blood red. The menuki are horsemen's saddle stirrups, called abumi, and a horseman's yari pole. The blade has a superb and elaborate gunome hamon, in old Edo polish. This is a katana made for a senior ranking samurai based on horseback in combat, certainly not a light and cursive katana, but a battle sword, made to complete an uncomprimising task of close combat and aggressive swordmanship. Designed as much for cleaving armour and helmets in two, as much as defeating another samurai on horseback. Although samurai would not, one would say, be a cavalry based warrior, all senior samurai would be mounted and thus travel on horseback, and some cavalry type samurai could be deployed in battle, but with differing combat styles depending on what part of Japan they came from. The cavalry troops, being Samurai, had personal retainers that stayed closer to them in the Sonae, carried their weaponry and worked as support units, much like an European squire. They also joined the fight whenever possible (especially in the mounted infantry scenario) and were often responsible of taking heads for their lords.
These foot Samurai were also used as heavy infantry or archers to support the ashigaru lines.


Tactics
Given the fact that the Samurai could directly dismount and operate as infantry, there were some specific tactics for horsemen.
Cavalry in general was only used after the battle was already started, either to deliver a decisive victory or to trying to save the day.

Norikiri
This is a classic charge, where several small groups of five to ten horseman ride consequently (possibly with a wedge formation) into a small area against the enemy lines, to maximize the shock. It was mainly used by heavy cavalry in the East, but given the fact that the ideal target where "weavering" units with low morale or disorganized, even medium cavalry could perform this charge.
The main role of this charge was to create confusion; if it didn't succeed, the cavalry regroups and either retreat or deliver another charge.

Norikuzushi
This is a combined infantry and cavalry charge. The horseman charged first, and after creating mayhem, a second charge is delivered by infantries armed with polearms, which could keep on fighting. The main target for this tactics were ranged units detached by the army. After a Norikuzushi usually follows a Norikiri by the cavalry group. 28 inch blade tsuba to tip. The saya has some old wear marks, but very nice indeed and untouched. special discounted items are for a straight sale only, without layaway or px.

Code: 23086

3750.00 GBP


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11th 12th Century Bronze Knights Templar Christian Cross Patee {Formee}

From part three of our original ancient arrow heads, spears, lead sling bullets, antiquities and rings from an 1820 Grand Tour classical collection from Europe and the Middle East. Very likely the crucifix of a so called ‘Warrior of Christ’, such as the Knight's Templar and Knight’s of St John of Jerusalem. After the fall of the Kingdom of Jerusalem in 1291 (the city of Jerusalem had fallen in 1187), the Knights of St, John were confined to the County of Tripoli and, when Acre was captured in 1291, the order sought refuge in the Kingdom of Cyprus. Finding themselves becoming enmeshed in Cypriot politics, their Master, Guillaume de Villaret, created a plan of acquiring their own temporal domain, selecting Rhodes to be their new home, part of the Byzantine empire. His successor, Foulques de Villaret, executed the plan, and on 15 August 1310, after more than four years of campaigning, the city of Rhodes surrendered to the knights. They also gained control of a number of neighbouring islands and the Anatolian port of Halicarnassus and the island of Kastellorizo.
Pope Clement V dissolved the Hospitallers' rival order, the Knights Templar, in 1312 with a series of papal bulls, including the Ad providam bull that turned over much of their property to the Hospitallers.

The holdings were organised into eight "Tongues" or Langues, one each in Crown of Aragon, Auvergne, Crown of Castile, Kingdom of England, France, Holy Roman Empire, Italy and Provence. Each was administered by a Prior or, if there was more than one priory in the langue, by a Grand Prior.

At Rhodes, and later Malta, the resident knights of each langue were headed by a baili. The English Grand Prior at the time was Philip De Thame, who acquired the estates allocated to the English langue from 1330 to 1358. In 1334, the Knights of Rhodes defeated Andronicus and his Turkish auxiliaries. In the 14th century, there were several other battles in which they fought.

In 1374, the Knights took over the defence of Smyrna, conquered by a crusade in 1344. They held it until it was besieged and taken by Timur in 1402.

On Rhodes the Hospitallers, by then also referred to as the Knights of Rhodes, were forced to become a more militarized force, fighting especially with the Barbary pirates. They withstood two invasions in the 15th century, one by the Sultan of Egypt in 1444 and another by the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror in 1480 who, after capturing Constantinople and defeating the Byzantine Empire in 1453, made the Knights a priority target .Good condition for age, with superbly well surviving armourers stamps. Early Christian Knight’s symbols of crucifixes symbols, and variations, can be still be seen chiselled into stone in the numerous remains of Templar Knights or Christian knight’s castle sites in the Holy Land, the Mediterranean and France. As with all our items it comes complete with our certificate of authenticity.

Code: 23837

365.00 GBP


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A Superb And Highly Imposing Crusader Knights Hammer-Axe With Likely Templar Armourer’s Stamps, & A Pierced Apostle’s Cross

An original medieval, long, socketed Christian Knights’s battle hammer-axe made in around the early Crusades era of the 1200’s and most likely used until at least the 1400’s, with crucifix and crescent stamps, over pressed with gold. The second of two original Crusades period, crucifix war hammer-axes we were delighted to acquire. This axe though has two easily identifiable Templar type gold armourer's stamps.
A large iron axehead with long triangular-section blade and shaped open socket, rectangular hammer extension to the rear with incised chequerboard design; one side of the neck with two distinctive double armourer’s stamp marks of twin crucifixes standing above a crescent moon, one of the symbols used by Knights Templar, it has a a horizontal line with three transverse strokes above, a cross-shaped opening to the neck. A very large, substantial and beautiful iron battle-axe cum war-hammer, very likely the combat weapon of a so called ‘Warrior of Christ’, such as the Knight's Templar and Knight’s of St John of Jerusalem. It is pierced within the body with a superb, large open work Christian ‘bottonee or budded’ cross, sometimes known as part of the Apostles cross. A cross with three circles or discs on each end in a Christian context represents the Holy Trinity but was probably also copied from earlier Celtic Druidry, where the circles or rings represent the three dominions of earth, sky and sea. It has a an open socket for the now rotted away haft [original wooden hafts of such axes simply no longer exist after the passing of such a great time], the blade with straight upper edge and bearded profile, square-section cross hatched short hammer. After the fall of the Kingdom of Jerusalem in 1291 (the city of Jerusalem had fallen in 1187), the Knights of St, John were confined to the County of Tripoli and, when Acre was captured in 1291, the order sought refuge in the Kingdom of Cyprus. Finding themselves becoming enmeshed in Cypriot politics, their Master, Guillaume de Villaret, created a plan of acquiring their own temporal domain, selecting Rhodes to be their new home, part of the Byzantine empire. His successor, Foulques de Villaret, executed the plan, and on 15 August 1310, after more than four years of campaigning, the city of Rhodes surrendered to the knights. They also gained control of a number of neighboring islands and the Anatolian port of Halicarnassus and the island of Kastellorizo.
Pope Clement V dissolved the Hospitallers' rival order, the Knights Templar, in 1312 with a series of papal bulls, including the Ad providam bull that turned over much of their property to the Hospitallers.

The holdings were organised into eight "Tongues" or Langues, one each in Crown of Aragon, Auvergne, Crown of Castile, Kingdom of England, France, Holy Roman Empire, Italy and Provence. Each was administered by a Prior or, if there was more than one priory in the langue, by a Grand Prior.

At Rhodes, and later Malta, the resident knights of each langue were headed by a baili. The English Grand Prior at the time was Philip De Thame, who acquired the estates allocated to the English langue from 1330 to 1358. In 1334, the Knights of Rhodes defeated Andronicus and his Turkish auxiliaries. In the 14th century, there were several other battles in which they fought.

In 1374, the Knights took over the defence of Smyrna, conquered by a crusade in 1344. They held it until it was besieged and taken by Timur in 1402.

On Rhodes the Hospitallers, by then also referred to as the Knights of Rhodes, were forced to become a more militarized force, fighting especially with the Barbary pirates. They withstood two invasions in the 15th century, one by the Sultan of Egypt in 1444 and another by the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror in 1480 who, after capturing Constantinople and defeating the Byzantine Empire in 1453, made the Knights a priority target. Original crusaders war axe-hammers of this particular type are now very rare indeed to find, and we are delighted to have two stunning examples, the only place one can see similar examples are in museums, or as reproduction copies for re-enact ours. Around 900 grams, approx 10.25” long .Good condition for age, with superbly well surviving armourers stamps. We show In the gallery two pictures early Christian Knight’s symbols of crucifixes and crescents. These symbols, and variations, can be still be seen chiselled into stone in the numerous remains of Templar Knights or Christian knight’s castle sites in the Holy Land, the Mediterranean and France As with all our items it comes complete with our certificate of authenticity.

Code: 23527

2950.00 GBP


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