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A WW2 Special Operations OSS Anti Personal and Vehicle Caltrop Spike

OSS "Christmas Tree" design. This is made from multiple pieces of stamped sheet metal. These were designed for use in soft ground or desert sand. the wide, flat, shape prevented it from sinking deeply into the ground and made sure that it punctured vehicle tyres even in soft ground. The OSS (Office of Strategic Services) was the WWII-era forerunner to today's CIA. The OSS proved especially useful in providing a worldwide overview of the German war effort, its strengths and weaknesses. In direct operations it was successful in supporting Operation Torch in French North Africa in 1942, where it identified pro-Allied potential supporters and located landing sites. OSS operations in neutral countries, especially Stockholm, Sweden, provided in-depth information on German advanced technology. The Madrid station set up agent networks in France that supported the Allied invasion of southern France in 1944. Most famous were the operations in Switzerland run by Allen Dulles that provided extensive information on German strength, air defences, submarine production, and the V-1 and V-2 weapons. It revealed some of the secret German efforts in chemical and biological warfare. Switzerland's station also supported resistance fighters in France and Italy, and helped with the surrender of German forces in Italy in 1945.

Code: 23584

110.00 GBP


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A Very Nice Bronze Spear of Ancient Greek Antiquity, Minoan Era, Around 4000 Years Old

From the Greek mainland and outlying islands. Examples similar have been found elsewhere in Cyprus and Crete from the same era. Three similar were discovered some years ago in Vounous, Cyprus dated around 2300-2000 BC from the tomb 78 of the ancient cemetery in Vounous. These kind of spear heads have a tang, ending in a hook, which was fixed into the wood. The blade was than further secured to the wood shaft by a wrap of laching cord. Minoan Crete, named after the legendary King Minos, was ruled from great palaces, most of which were founded around 2000 BC. Material from the palace of Knossos is displayed in this gallery, along with pottery, bronzes and stone vases from elsewhere in Crete, including from tombs and shrines. There is also evidence for writing in the form of the undeciphered Linear A script. The later Greek Bronze Age is named after Mycenae, the capital city of Agamemnon who according to myth led the Greeks at the siege of Troy. Mycenaean culture extended throughout mainland Greece, the Aegean islands and Crete. The Greek language is first recorded in this period in the Linear B script derived from Minoan Crete. Following the collapse of this civilisation in the 12th century BC, Greece entered a period of relative poverty and isolation when writing was forgotten. During this time, stories about the grand lifestyles of Mycenaean rulers continued to be told, influencing later poets such as Homer, whose Iliad and Odyssey were set in what we call the Bronze Age. In the epic poem The Odyssey, the Greek poet Homer praised an island that lies “out in the wine-dark sea . . . a rich and lovely sea-girt land, densely peopled, with 90 cities and several different languages.” This sophisticated place is not just a random spot in the Mediterranean—Homer is describing Crete, southernmost of the Greek islands and home to one of the oldest civilizations in Europe. Located some 400 miles northwest of Alexandria in Egypt, Crete has been inhabited since the Neolithic period, around 7000 B.C. The culture that developed there during the second millennium B.C. spread throughout the entire eastern Mediterranean world. Crete’s command of the seas would allow its stunning art and architecture to deeply influence the Mycenaean Greek civilization that would succeed it. Photo in the gallery of a Bull’s head rhyton [ritual pouring vessel] from the palace at Knossos, c. 1550-1500 B.C.E., in black steatite, jasper, and mother-of-pearl, 26 cm high (Archaeological Museum of Heraklion,] From a private collection formed in the Netherlands before the 1980's . 20cm long

Code: 23582

495.00 GBP


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Good Heavy Original Italian Infantry Papal Army Helmet Cabasset c.1570 From The Papal Armoury

Good Heavy Italian Infantry Helmet Cabasset c.1570, hammered steel raised from a single plate, medial ridge with pear stalk finial, border retains its original brass rosettes (2 missing) each embossed with a ring of 6 stars, stepped flared brim with turned over edge, retaining original linen lining band inside. 19cms tall. Good condition. Provenance: The
Papal Armoury; and London dealers Fenton & Sons Ltd post 1918. Fenton and Sons, Antique Arms and Armour, traded in London from 1894-1927. and supplied, amongst others, the British Museum. [Interesting aside, we used to supply them, [Fentons] in the 1920's].
The Barberinis supplied the armour and cabassets for the papal army in the late 16th century, a period fraught with anarchy and bandits and direct attacks on papal territories by Parma. The close association led to Maffeo Barberini becoming Pope Urban VIII. His brother Taddeo was made Supreme Commander of the Papal Army. The helmets, including this one, were from the papal armoury and served through the papal wars. It is estimated that about 4500 men served the papal army and most would have worn cabassets, making the original number of the group well over 4000. Others from the group are now in the Musio Storico Vaticano the Old Papal armoury now in the Vatican Historical Museum in the Lateran Palace, Rome. The Papal Army was the loosely-construed army of volunteers and mercenaries in the service of the Italian Papal States, active from the 8th century until the capture of Rome by Italy in 1870. The Papal States maintained a sizeable military during the Middle Ages, using it to fight against the Holy Roman Empire and its Ghibelline allies. During the 1300s, the Papal States began to employ the services of condottieri, mercenaries who sold their services to the extremely wealthy Catholic Church. These forces would be instrumental to the defence of the Pope during the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, with Cesare Borgia leading the Papal Army on a campaign of conquest that added several new city-states and regions to the Papal States' territories. Painting in the gallery of the Massacre of San Bartolome in the Catholic-Protestant Religious Wars, where the French crown aided by Queen Catherine de Medici, mother of the French King, with the Pope's blessing, slaughtered ten of thousands of Huguenots what is considered the second deadliest religious war in European history (surpassed only by the Thirty Years' War, which took eight million European lives) The pope was so delighted with the massacre he ordered a Te Deum to be sung as a special thanksgiving (a practice continued for many years after) and had a medal struck with the motto Ugonottorum strages, (Latin: " slaughter of the Huguenots 1572"

Code: 23583

1995.00 GBP


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Eikon Basilike. " The King's Book" The Pourtraicture of His Sacred Majestie

in His Solitudes and Sufferings. Published by London : Printed by James Flesher for R. Royston ., 1662. First edition. [British Museum Catalog denotes 1st edition), 1662 2 Volumes. A most rare and highly prized Ist Edition, but better still, as they are hand named and dated to it's noble and famed owner 'John Coke' in 1695 [see the last photo in gallery]. Likely the son or grandson of Sir John Coke, of Melbourne Hall [from whence Melbourne City gained it's root name] a passionate royalist servant of King Charles Ist, and, his Secretary of State. His eldest son though [also named Sir John Coke] was not a royalist, being more of a parliamentarian. However, his son, once more a John, quite rightly returned to his grandfather's royalist views. A wonderful pair of Charles the Iind Restoration period books that would grace the finest library or perfectly compliment a collection of antique or period arms and armour. Beautifully rebound in the last century. A pair published in 1662 just after Charles the Iind was returned to the throne of England. "Eikon Basilika" (vol. 1) has been attributed to King Charles I himself, and also to John Gauden. Vol. 2 has title: A collection of declarations, treaties, and other principal passages concerning the differences betwixt King Charles I and his two houses of Parliament / edited by William Fulman and Richard Perrinchief. The workes of King Charles the martyr Aeternitati sacrum
A collection of declarations, treaties, and other principal passages concerning the differences betwixt King Charles I and his two houses of Parliament
The works of Charles I with his life and martyrdome
Eikon basilike. Printed by James Flesher for R. Royston Bookseller to the King. The first version issue was published during King Charles Ist's lifetime, and were immensely successful. However, after the King's execution, the years of the Commonwealth intervened and it wasn't until the return of the King, did Charles Iind order a new version for the Restoration, and these are the first edition of 1662 of those. Eikon Basilike King Charles I England Martyr English Civil War "I would rather choose to wear a crown of thorns with my Saviour, than to exchange that of gold, which is due to me, for one of lead, whose embased flexibleness shall be forced to bend and comply to the various and oft contrary dictates of any factions, when instead of reason and public concernments they obtrude nothing but what makes for the interest of parties, and flows from the partialities of private wills and passions. I know no resolutions more worthy a Christian king, than to prefer his conscience before his kingdoms. King Charles I, England." Eikon Basilike a first edition printing of the works of Charles I, King of England. A few hours after the King's execution, his Eikon Basilike was in the hands of the people. This book is collectively a set of meditations during the King s imprisonment and consisted of many of the government s problems and corruption. (Almack, 3) The work is a masterpiece in its expression of Charles principles, personal feelings, and prejudices, and by making a martyr of this Stuart king, exercised a considerable influence on English history. A large and beautifully bound pair, 13.5 inches by 9.25 inches by 1.5 inches

Code: 22361

2250.00 GBP


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Thank You To All Our Customers Past and Present, Looking Forward to Seeing You All Again In Person

Although now far more well known for our online web presence, which since its creation in the 1990's, has grown [we are told] to be the largest militaria website in the world, with over 18,000 pages and photographs, we have been a family business, based in Brighton, going back over 100 years. The old company name was David Hawkins Antiques and in its day was one of the largest antique export companies in the whole of the UK. After serving the old family company as its sales director for two decades in the 1970’s and 80s, Mark, with his brother David junior, decided to concentrate entirely on just armoury antiques and militaria, along with antiquities and specialist books, more than 30 years ago. And now this branch of the family concern is now one of the largest of its kind in the world, and our worldwide client list numbers over 60,000. Many thousands being regular returning customers, and our oldest one has been a well beloved client of the family for over 74 years. We show in the gallery a photograph of H.M.Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother visiting us, and examining an early 18th century games table, at a London Antique Fair in 1962, HM the Queen and HRH Prince Philip on a return visit in Brighton 2007, also some of our old company’s regular delivery vehicles [two from our fleet of over twenty trucks and vehicles] and a few of our unique collection of original antique horse-drawn vehicles [two from a total of almost forty we had] that journeyed across the south coast, right up to the 1970's. We also show our shop, both now and just over 100 years ago, and a photo in the archive of Mark with his very first gun acquisition, purchased when 7 years old, for a whole years pocket money! { a princely £5 }.

Code: 21922

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18th Century, Very, Very Rare Butt Reservoir Air-Gun, Outside Lock, Circa 1785

Likely German. Recently returned from being featured in a documentary on the Lewis and Clark Expedition. We have only had two such similar reservoir butt guns in the past 20 years. Fine resevoir guns such as this were made by Samuel Henry Staudenmayer around 1799, he was a former workman of John Manton, gunmaker to the Prince of Wales and the Duke of York. Two air weapons by this maker are recorded in the Hanoverian Royal Gunroom, one of which was sold at Sotheby's, Hanover, October 2005. He is also the maker of a Girandoni-system air rifle that resides in the Royal Collection at Windsor (inv. No. L 409). Georg Wolf is recorded in Wurzburg circa 1775. Two bellow guns by this maker are preserved in the Bargello, Florence and another was formerly in the gunroom of the Princes zu Salm-Reifferscheidt-Dyck at Schloss Dyck. A Girandoni System Austrian Repeating Air Rifle, Circa 1795, was believed to have been taken on the Lewis & Clark Army Corps of Discovery Expedition in 1803-1806. The Girandoni air rifle was in service with the Austrian army from 1780 to around 1815. The advantages of an air gun were a high rate of fire, no smoke from propellants, and low muzzle report, these features granted it acceptance as a military arm. It did have its problems and was eventually removed from service for several reasons, but decades after introduction. While the detachable air reservoir was capable of around 30 continual shots it took nearly 1,500 strokes of a hand pump to fill those reservoirs. Later, an improvement of a wagon-mounted pump was provided. The reservoirs, were made from hammered sheet iron held together with rivets and sealed by brazing, and they proved very difficult to manufacture using the techniques of the period, and were always in short supply.

In addition, the weapon was very delicate and a small break in the reservoir could make it inoperable. Finally, it was very different from any other weapon of the time and any soldier using it needed to be highly trained.

The Lewis and Clark Expedition used the rifle in the demonstrations that they performed for nearly every Native American tribe they encountered on the expedition

As far back as 250BC, Pharaoh Ktesbias II of Egypt, first described the use of compressed air to propel a projectile. Modern air gun history began in the 15th century. These weapons were known as wind chambers and were designed using an air reservoir connected to a cannon barrel. These devices were capable of propelling a four pound lead ball over a distance of 500 yards, and able to penetrate 3 inch oak board. These weapons rivaled the power of gun powder based firearms of that time and came into use in the Napoleonic wars in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Due to the fact that high powered air guns were both silent and deadly, they were feared by many, Nobility tried to keep these air guns out of the hands of commoners, and air resevoir butt guns even saw much combat in battle, including the Austrian Army that used an air resevoir rifle designed by Grandoni in 1779 that shot 20 rounds of .44 cal. bullets at speeds as high as 1,000 feet per second. They fought well against Napoleon's Army and even though the Austrian Army was outnumbered and lost the battle, the Austrian's armed with air guns demoralized Napoleon's Army, and they suffered had a great number of casualties. Air guns were so feared by Napoleon's Army that any enemy soldier captured with a air rifle was executed as an assassin. One important reason Napoleon was so fearful about air guns was because there was no cloud of smoke upon firing which would allow the sniper to be pin-pointed and killed.

One of the most famous air guns in history is the .36 caliber air gun that Lewis and Clark took along with them on their expedition of 1803-06 [see painting in the gallery]. They took it along for hunting, just in case the black powder got wet and also used it to impress the Indians, the Indians call this air rifle, "The smokeless thunder stick.". In overall fine condition. The round, smoothbore, appox .44 calibre, sighted, steel barrel, has smooth untouched surfaces, fine bore with front site.. Exposed cocking "hammer" with an external mechanism and sculpted mainspring: matching, smooth, blued surfaces and in functional order. Complete with its original air release lever. Leather wrapped, conical, hollow, steel butt stock/air reservoir. Matching mechanism with all of its original components, a strong mainspring and air release valve. Very fine stock. A very nice and complete example of a rare late 18th century German or Austrian Reservoir-Butt gun. Overall length, 55". As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables

Code: 20919

3525.00 GBP


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A Scarce Cased Sagemono 'Demon Mask' Samurai Tobacco Pouch Set & Pipe Box

Antique, Edo period [1600-1867] sagemono set. A silk tobacco pouch [tobako-ire] with a silver Oni Demon mask mount. A white Jade Ojimi on the connecting cord and a chequered lacquer and metal mounted pipe case a Kizuruzutsu. All set in a beautiful damask silk patterned box. Sagemono were the items [pouches pipes, writing implements etc.] that hung by silk cords from the Obi [the silk Kimono sash]. Tobacco was known in Japan since the 1570s at the earliest. By the early 17th century, kiseru had become popular enough to even be mentioned in some Buddhist textbooks for children. The kiseru evolved along with the equipment and use of incense associated with the Japanese incense ceremony: kodo: Master artisanship in the traditional Japanese aesthetic, this magnificent tobacco sagemono suite would make a striking centerpiece for the discriminating collector of Japanese antiques. From the early 16th century around the world, sailors and global trade disseminated tobacco and smoking habits. Cultivation by colonists became widespread not only in America, but across the African continent as well. ?The weed had been integrated within diverse cultures, and diagnosed as beneficial by the medical systems of Europe, of China, and of India,? but it was the Japanese, having ?received tobacco courtesy of a shipwreck in 1542,? who took most zealously to it, adopting a matter-of-fact approach free from ritual or reason. A doctor from Nagasaki wrote, ?of late a new thing has come into fashion called ?tobacco?, it consists of large leaves which are cut up and of which one drinks the smoke? . Tobacco was instantly popular?though, as elsewhere, first in the higher strata of Japanese society, where it was favoured by higher ranking Samurai who created ?ornate silver tobacco pipes? and formed smoking clubs in which to gather and share in the pleasure of tobacco .

Code: 20912

675.00 GBP


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A Simply Wonderful Koto Katana, Museum Quality Mounting

Circa 1580. All original Edo period koshirae [fittings] and beautiful original Edo cinnabar lacquer saya. The wrap is original Edo lacquered tooled leather over two wonderful pure gold decorated menuki of two armoured menuki. The tsuba is a very fine nanban lobed mokko gata tsuba of wonderful dragon form also decorated with gold. The kashira is a gold decorated shakudo and the fushi a super quality dragon on a nanako ground. The blade has a joyful hamon and a hammered silver over copper habaki. the first mention of the word "katana" occurred during Japan's Kamakura Period (1185 to 1333). Back then, the word was used to describe a long sword with similar characteristics as the tachi but with a few nuances. The katana, for instance, generally had a longer, more curved blade than its tachi counterpart. Most importantly, however, the katana was stronger and more powerful than the tachi. The Kamakura and Muromachi periods
These two periods are considered as the most important periods of the Samurai sword's development history. Though the exact time frames for these periods is debated the period from 1185 to 1336 was known as the Kamakura while the period from 1337 to 1573 was referred to as the Muromachi period. During these periods, there were many invasions in Japan. As a result, there was need for an effective sword to fend off invaders successfully.

During battle the Japanese warriors found that it was very difficult to draw the old ken straight sword from the scabbard (saya) while fighting on a horseback. Consequently, during the Muromachi period, smiths developed the curved katana sword which was more functional during horseback fighting. Because of the design and effective cutting angles, a Samurai could easily draw their sword from the scabbard and slash their opponents in a single swing. 27.5 inch blade from tsuba to tip.

Code: 21721

8750.00 GBP


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A Stunning British Napoleonic Period Sword, a 1796 Infantry Officer's Pattern Sword and Scabbard With Near Mint, Gilt and Silver Grip, Hilt

This wonderful King George IIIrd British officer's sword is simply breathtaking. It has a long double edged blade, finely engraved with royal cypher, and crest, and its finest mercurial gilt hilt that is in incredible original condition, and bears a silver wire bound grip, bearing a family monogram shell guard. It was likely bespoke made for an officer of high status, who would be following the regulation pattern for a British infantry officer, but desired a sword of the highest possible bespoke quality of the time. Blued blade finely engraved, with good elements of blueing intact, in its original copper gilt mounted leather scabbard. The 1796 Pattern British Infantry Officers Sword was carried by officers of the line infantry in the British Army between 1796 and the time of its official replacement with the gothic hilted sword in 1822. This period encompassed the whole of the Napoleonic Wars including Waterloo. The sword was introduced by General Order in 1796, replacing the previous 1786 Pattern. It was similar to its predecessor in having a spadroon blade, i.e. one straight, flat backed and single edged with a single fuller on each side. The hilt pure gilt over brass with a single knuckle bow, vestigial quillon and a twin-shell guard somewhat similar in appearance to that of the smallswords which had been common civilian wear until shortly before this period. On a damp, overcast Sunday in June 1815, twenty years of continuous warfare the Napoleonic Wars came to a violent and bloody conclusion on a rain-soaked field in Belgium. These wars were truly a world affair, with European powers fighting battles not only on the mainland of Europe but as far as India, Egypt, the Caribbean and America.

The greatest generals of the age finally faced each other on the field of battle; The Duke of Wellington, rooted to a little-known ridge, faced, the Emperor of the French. Napoleon Bonaparte, a master of attack, opposed brigades of British, Germans, Dutch and Belgians; brigades of an infamous army that, despite horrific casualties, clung to the ridge for over nine hours to ensure that the arrival of Blucher's Prussian army would put the Duke's victory beyond doubt.

The Battle of Waterloo became a true landmark in military history, one that will never fade, and nothing on such a grand scale would be seen again.

Code: 23581

1650.00 GBP


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A Stunning, Antique, Presentation Quality, Solid Silver Mounted Gurkha Kothimora Kukri

Most often made for presentation to Royal Families. Very fine quality and fine workmanship. Silver mounted scabbard with two repousse hammered silver mounts. The top mount pieced and revealing red cloth beneath. All one piece solid silver bottom chape mount. Carved hardwood handle and traditional fine steel blade, elongated narrow blade of the early Nepalese antique type. The kukri came to be known to the Western world when the East India Company came into conflict with the growing Gorkha Kingdom, culminating in the Gurkha War of 1814–1816. It gained literary attention in the 1897 novel Dracula by Irish author Bram Stoker. Despite the popular image of Dracula having a stake driven through his heart at the conclusion of a climactic battle between Dracula's bodyguards and the heroes, Mina's narrative describes his throat being sliced through by Jonathan Harker's kukri and his heart pierced by Quincey Morris's Bowie knife. In the hands of an experienced wielder Khukuri or Kukri is about as formidable a weapon as can be conceived. Like all really good weapons, Khukuri's or Kukri's efficiency depends much more upon skill than the strength of the wielder. And thus so that it happens, that a diminutive Gurkha, shorter and slight in regards to his stature, could easily cut to pieces a gigantic adversary, who simply does not understand the lightly built Gurkha's mode of attack and fearsome skill. The Gurkha generally strikes upwards with his Kukri, possibly in order to avoid wounding himself should his blow fail, and possibly because an upward cut is just the one that can be least guarded against however strong his opponent.
In the 20th century through the WW1 and WW2 period they continued to make silver or plated mounts presentation kukri, but slightly shorter and wider blades and the criteria for presentation became more flexible. After WW2 presentation types were almost always silver plated or nickel.

Code: 23580

895.00 GBP


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