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Exceptional Early British Garrison Artillery Long Lee Enfield Rifle Bayonet
A rare bayonet regimentally marked for the 44th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery, the 44th were in France, 24 January 1916 Two 12 inch railway howitzers serving on the Western Front. They were made up from volunteers from Tynemouth On the outbreak of war, the Tynemouth Volunteer Artillery deployed to their war stations guarding the major ports of North East England under No 18 Coastal Fire Command.Their headquarters were located at Military Road in North Shields and their companies located as follows:
No1 Company at North Shields
No2 Company at North Shields
No3 Company at Seaton Delaval
No4 Company at Blyth The battery would include
Personnel: 5 officers and 177 other ranks
Horses: 17 riding, 6 draught and 80 heavy draught
Transport: 3 two-horse carts, 10 four-horse wagons

The battery would normally be with three others, under command of a Siege Brigade. The brigade would also include an Ammunition Column of:
Personnel: 3 officers and 104 other ranks
Horses: 13 riding, 2 draught and 72 heavy draught
Transport: 1 two-horse carts, 16 four-horse wagons

The brigade would also include its headquarters of:
Personnel: 7 officers and 137 other ranks
Horses: 21 riding, 5 draught and 72 heavy draught
Transport: 1 one-horse cart, 2 two-horse carts, 16 four-horse wagons

Code: 21430Price: 325.00 GBP


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A Good Signed Koto Wakazashi By Tomotsugu Saku Circa 1530
Superb hamon and fine stone finish ishime lacquer saya. Most scarce so-called ninja style square o-sukashi tsuba decorated with open pierced birds in flight and lightning bolts. This sword has a most scarcely seen feature, a koto period 16th century square tsuba, a sign these days that is often referred to as the ninja tsuba, especially so with its décor of lightning strikes. Naturally though this is more myth than fact and despite the age of this sword being from the peak of the ninja time period there is no more specific connection to the legengary spy and assassin, the infamous ninja, than any other part of this fine sword. Ninja are usually regarded as the anti-samurai. The samurai were extremely overt and colourful personalities. Their whole being depended on public display — death-defying and often death-seeking bravado. The ninja were the opposite: in order to be a spy, you have to survive and be secretive. Secretiveness was something the samurai pretended to despise, but in fact the ninja were vital to military activity. And quite often the samurai during the day doubled as ninja during the night.

So could ninja be samurai at the same time?
You could, theoretically. There would have been some sort of distinction, because samurai were often extremely high class, but ninja not necessarily so. But there was an overlap in the middle. When one goes back in history the whole thing becomes extremely vague. Sun Tzu, the great Chinese military theoretician, talks about the art and necessity of deception if you want to win in war. And it’s from that belief that the ninja crept into Japanese life. There’s evidence in old fables of underhand, secretive assassin types. The height of the ninja was in the 16th century. They’d been evolving, as Japan descended into warlord-ism in the early Middle Ages, and the areas where the ninja lived became more and more isolated. As the warlords harried each other over the rest of Japan, Iga and Koka developed their own commune system and self-defense and worked toward sort of a peak of ninja-ism toward the end of the 16th century, at which point their skills had been admired by everyone else, so they were finding employment in the rest of Japan as mercenaries.

Code: 21429Price: 2850.00 GBP


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A German WW2 Heer [Army] Officers Dagger By Alcoso of Solingen
Amber grip Oak leaf ornamented pommel, crossguard and langet bearing an eagle and swastika; blade with surface marking throughout. Housed in original plated undented scabbard with two suspension rings. Overall nice condition.
The Third Reich Army (Heer) Officer`s dagger was designed by Paul Casburg in 1935. During World War II, a total of about 15 million soldiers served in the German Army, of whom about seven million became casualties. Separate from the army, the Waffen-SS (Armed SS) was a multi-ethnic and multi-national military force of the Third Reich. Growing from three regiments to over 38 divisions during World War II, it served alongside the army but was never formally part of it.

Only 17 months after Hitler announced publicly the rearmament program, the Army reached its projected goal of 36 divisions. During the autumn of 1937, two more corps were formed. In 1938, four additional corps were formed with the inclusion of the five divisions of the Austrian Army after the Anschluss in March. During the period of its expansion by Adolf Hitler, the German Army continued to develop concepts pioneered during World War I, combining ground (Heer) and air (Luftwaffe) assets into combined arms teams. Coupled with operational and tactical methods such as encirclements and the "battle of annihilation", the German military managed quick victories in the two initial years of World War II, prompting the use of the word Blitzkrieg (literally lightning war, meaning lightning-fast war) for the techniques used.

Code: 21428Price: 495.00 GBP


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A Victorian South Gloucestershire Regt. Glengarry Badge
In die cast brass with traces of original gilt. Very nice condition for age. The 61st (South Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot was an infantry regiment of the British Army, raised in 1756. Under the Childers Reforms it amalgamated with the 28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot to form the Gloucestershire Regiment in 1881. The 61st Foot spent more than thirty years on garrison duty before seeing active service again. From 1816-22 they were stationed in Jamaica, from 1822-28 in England and from 1828-40 in Ceylon. They were stationed in England and Ireland from 1840-45.[2] In 1845 they moved to India, fighting in the Second Anglo-Sikh War of 1848-49: at the Battle of Ramnagar (November 1848), Battles of Saddalupar and Chillianwala (December 1848-January 1849) and Battle of Gujrat (February 1849). The regiment was still in India when Indian Rebellion of 1857 broke out. They took part in the Siege of Delhi.

The remaining years of the 61st's existence as a separate regiment were uneventful. From India they moved to Mauritius in 1859 for a year before returning to England. Following garrison duty in the Channel Islands and Ireland, they moved to Bermuda in 1866 and Canada in 1870.[2] In 1872 they moved to Ireland. In 1873, under the Cardwell Reforms, the United Kingdom was divided into 66 "Brigade Districts" which generally corresponded to one or more counties. A depot was to be established, which would be the home for two regular infantry battalions. At any one time one of the regular battalions was to be on "home" service and the other on "foreign" duty, with the roles being rotated from time to time. The county militia regiments were also to share the depots. The 61st Foot were linked with the 28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot and assigned to district no. 37 at Horfield Barracks in Bristol. The 61st subsequently moved to the Channel Islands in 1875, England in 1876 and Malta in 1878. In 1880 they returned to India

Code: 21427Price: 115.00 GBP


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A Very Good WW2 Issue Rodgers of Sheffield No 3 FS Knife
Ribbed grip bearing the mould stamp number 2. Quillons stamped Rodgers with I Cut My Way and Made in Sheffield England. Original leather scabbard with both elastic loop and press stud buttoned leather retaining loop. The blade has its original crossgrain polish and overall it is in superb condition. It would be unlikely if one could improve on this example of the iconic British third pattern WW2 issued commando and para fighting knife. The Fairbairn–Sykes fighting knife is a double-edged fighting knife resembling a dagger or poignard with a foil grip developed by William Ewart Fairbairn and Eric Anthony Sykes in Shanghai based on concepts which the two men initiated before World War II while serving on the Shanghai Municipal Police in China.

The F-S fighting knife was made famous during World War II when issued to British Commandos, the Airborne Forces, the SAS and many other units, especially for the Normandy landings in June 1944. With its acutely tapered, sharply pointed blade, the F-S fighting knife is frequently described as a stiletto, a weapon optimised for thrusting, although the F-S knife is capable of being used to inflict slash cuts upon an opponent when its cutting edges are sharpened according to specification. The Wilkinson Sword Company made the knife with minor pommel and grip design variations.

The F-S knife is strongly associated with the British commandos and the US Office of Strategic Services (OSS) and Marine Raiders (who based their issued knife on the Fairbairn-Sykes), among other special forces / clandestine / raiding units. It features in the insignia of the British Royal Marines, the Belgian Commandos, the Dutch Commando Corps, founded in the UK during World War II, the Australian 1st Commando Regiment and 2nd Commando Regiment, and the United States Army Rangers, both founded with the help of the British Commandos. Large numbers of Fairbairn Sykes knives of varying types, including some with wooden grips, were used by the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division that landed on Juno Beach on "D" Day and by the men of the 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion who jumped and fought on the same day. A solid gold F-S fighting knife is part of the commandos' memorial at Westminster Abbey.

The first batch of fifty F-S fighting knives were produced in January 1941 by Wilkinson Sword Ltd after Fairbairn and Sykes had travelled to their factory from the Special Training Centre at Lochailort in November 1940 to discuss their ideas for a fighting knife.

The F-S fighting knife remains in production because of continued use in hand-to-hand combat situations around the world. Wartime period Rodgers brass round bottom chapes have a brass rivet to the rear as does this one.

Code: 21426Price: 495.00 GBP


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A Superb Victorian Antique Scottish Royal Scots Fusiliers Officers Belt.
A most scarce post 1881 example, in superb condition, of gilt bronze and silver with gold bullion regimental oak leaf pattern thistle lace, with red Morocco leather backing. Retaining waist belt clasp. Seeded gilt rectangular plate mounted with silver thistle wreath; within the wreath, St.Andrew and the Cross. Across the base of the wreath, a scroll inscribed Royal Scots Fusiliers. 21st (Royal North British Fusilier) Regiment of Foot (1713–1877)
The regiment was awarded the title "Royal" around 1713, returning to England in August 1714 on the death of Queen Anne who was succeeded by George I. During the Jacobite Rising in 1715, it fought at Sheriffmuir against forces led by its founder's son, the 6th Earl of Mar. The Rebellion was defeated but in July 1716 Orrery was removed due to his Jacobite sympathies and replaced by George Macartney. Macartney was a Whig loyalist involved in the 1712 Hamilton–Mohun Duel who went into exile when charged as an accessory to murder, returning when George I became King.

Britain was at peace during this period and the regiment remained on garrison duty until the War of the Austrian Succession broke out in 1742. It fought at Dettingen in June 1743 and Fontenoy in April 1745, a British defeat famous for the British and French commanders politely inviting each other to fire first. During the 1745 Rising it was part of the force that defeated the Jacobite army at Culloden in April 1746 but was back in Flanders when the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ended the war in 1748.

In 1751, the system whereby regiments were numbered by seniority was formalised and it became the 21st Regiment. With the exception of the capture of Belle Île in 1761 during the 1756-63 Seven Years' War, the next 20 years were spent on garrison duty in Gibraltar, Scotland, West Florida and Quebec before returning to England in 1773.

The regiment saw action at the Siege of Fort Ticonderoga in July 1777 during the American Revolutionary War, took part in the Siege of Bergen op Zoom in March 1814 during the Napoleonic Wars and saw combat at the Battle of New Orleans in January 1815 during the War of 1812. The regiment then served under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Frederick Haines at the Battle of Inkerman in November 1854 during the Crimean War

Code: 21425Price: 495.00 GBP


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HMS Ceylon WW2 Tiepin. In Blue and Gilt Enamel
HMS Ceylon was a Crown Colony-class light cruiser of the Royal Navy. She was of the Ceylon sub class, named after the island of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). The cruiser saw service in the Atlantic and Pacific theatres during the Second World War. Built by Stephens at Govan and launched on 30 July 1942, she was completed on 13 July 1943. After two months in the Home Fleet she was transferred to the 4th Cruiser Squadron, with the Eastern Fleet and took part in many carrier raids, bombardments and patrols against Japanese-held territory, including Operations Cockpit, Meridian and Diplomat. In November 1944 she joined the British Pacific Fleet and sailed from Trincomalee on 16 January, taking part in a raid on Pankalan Bradan en route. By May 1945, however, she was back in the Indian Ocean, shelling the Nicobar Islands, and remained in that theatre until the end of the war.

Code: 21418Price: 30.00 GBP


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Fine British Late 18th Cent. Royal Naval Midshipman's and Officer's Dirk
Spadroon type hilt with ebony grip and brass fittings with two downturned quillons. Long single fullered graduated blade. Maker mark lozenge stamp of the monogram FT. This was the makers mark of Francis Thurkle jnr. Sword cutler to the Navy from 1791 to 1801, of 15 Great New St. Square, London. He marked his sword hilts with this lozenge stamp FT. He was Master of the London Cutler's Co. in 1795. His company was taken over by George in 1802. Made in the earliest part of the incredible Nelsonian period and the time of some of the greatest naval conflicts, such as the battles of The 1st of June, The Battle of the Nile & Trafalgar. There are several near identical examples, and other swords by Thurkle in the National Maritime Collection, and practically every officer from Nelson down carried one similar during their naval career. It would be an amazingly effective close combat dagger, both offensive or defensive, and would certainly do any eminently suitable job as was demanded of it. Although traditionally known as midshipman's dirks these useful daggers were also worn at the time by officer's of all ages and rank. The rank of midshipman originated during the Tudor and Stuart eras, and originally referred to a post for an experienced seaman promoted from the ordinary deck hands, who worked in between the main and mizzen masts and had more responsibility than an ordinary seaman, but was not a military officer or an officer in training. The first published use of the term midshipman was in 1662. The word derives from an area aboard a ship, amidships, but it refers either to the location where midshipmen worked on the ship, or the location where midshipmen were berthed.

By the 18th century, four types of midshipman existed: midshipman (original rating), midshipman extraordinary, midshipman (apprentice officer), and midshipman ordinary. Some midshipmen were older men, and while most were officer candidates who failed to pass the lieutenant examination or were passed over for promotion, some members of the original rating served, as late as 1822, alongside apprentice officers without themselves aspiring to a commission. By 1794, all midshipmen were considered officer candidates. The average age of entry in the 18th century was 12, but some of younger age were certainly known of. 20.5 inches long over all, 15.5 inch blade

Code: 21417Price: 875.00 GBP


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A Fine British Napoleonic Wars Guards Officer's Pistol
A large and fine officer's pistol from the Napoleonic Wars, bearing feint traces of an engraved barrel denoting a Guards Regimental officer. Finest traditional brass funiture including acorn finial trigger guard, and finely deluxe engraved sideplate. Shape and form of the traditional British 1796 heavy dragoon pistol of the era, but a smaller bore more suited to foot guards. The pistol has an improved percussion action that was undertaken through adaption circa 1830 to avail the pistol for use in foul weather and continued service for a potential of another thirty years. Each Foot Guards regiment had in theory one Lieutenant-Colonel, plus one Major per battalion (therefore the 1st Foot Guards had a 3rd, 2nd and 1st Major); and company officers were styled ‘Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel’ to make their status above line officers clear to all. But in addition, many of these officers held these regimental ranks whilst also being general officers in the Army.

For example, at the beginning of 1814, the 1st Foot Guards numbered 4 field officers (2 of whom were also Lieutenant-Generals and 2 were Major-Generals) and 17 Captain & Lieutenant-Colonels (1 of whom was also a Lieutenant-General, 4 were Major-Generals and 5 were Colonels in the Army). Frequently these officers were on detached duty, leaving the running of their companies to the senior Lieutenant (styled ‘Lieutenant & Captain’ in the Guards).

Therefore in theory a company in the Guards could have been commanded by a Captain who ranked the same as a Lieutenant-Colonel in the line, but who was also a Lieutenant-General in the Army. At the beginning of the 19th century, Britain was busy preparing for Napoleon's invasion, but after Trafalgar the government felt confident enough to send a force to occupy Sicily in 1805. This force included the 1st Guards Brigade (1st and 3rd Battalions 1st Guards). But in 1808 there was more important work to be done. The Brigade, part of a 13,000 strong force, was sent to the Peninsula to reinforce Wellesley's army which had successfully driven the French from Portugal. They landed at Corunna and marched inland to join up with Sir John Moore's 20,000. They then moved north to fight Soult's army beyond Valladolid but on Christmas day news arrived that Napoleon himself was leading a superior force to cut them off from their base at Corunna. Moore had no choice but to retreat to Corunna and save the Army. Napoleon's last hundred days brought about the most famous battle in European history. When he escaped from Elba on 26th February and entered Paris on 20th March, he was able to raise an army of 123,000. Wellington had to work fast to raise enough seasoned troops to stop him but he was disappointed with the men available. There were not enough 1st battalions from the infantry regiments. His final tally of 106,000 was made up of Belgian, Dutch and German allies as well as the British troops. The British infantry that fought at Waterloo numbered 17,000. Of these, 3,836 were Foot Guards.
The Guards were organised in two brigades in the 1st Division. The 1st Brigade was made up of the 2nd and 3rd Battalions of the 1st Guards, and the 2nd Brigade consisted of Coldstreamers and Scots Guards. Major-General Peregrine Maitland commanded the 1st Guards Brigade whose strength was: 2/1st Guards, 29 officers and 752 men, and 3/1st Guards, 29 officers and 818 men. Each battalion had about 40 sergeants and 20 drummers. Pistol 14.5 inches long, barrel 9 inches.

Code: 21416Price: 1125.00 GBP


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An 18th Century Boxlock Turn-Off Cannon-Barrel Pistol by Durs Egg of London
Turn-off cannon barrel for breech loading purposes. Slab sided walnut grip and fully engraved steel flint lock action bearing traces of the name Durs Egg London. Nice tight action. Perhaps London's most innovative lock and gun maker, Mr. Durs Egg immigrated from Switzerland, setting up shop in London, the world's arms making centre in his time.

Actually, “Durs" was a nickname, but Mr. Egg adopted it as his own. Durs Egg was a highly influential embryonic gunmaker who trained in Paris in the 18th century and set up shop in London just in time to bring the latest Continental innovations to the London trade. Together with Joseph Manton he really set the styles, shapes and forms that a sporting gun should take: a double-barrelled gun of light weight with quick handling qualities and a delicately crafted lock and action. The younger makers picked up from here, but the blueprint was drawn by these early makers, the fundamental DNA laid down that still runs through the heart of every best-quality sporting gun today. A Boxlock is entirely that, the Lockwork sits inside the "Box" of the action and is synonymous with durability. According to the Oxford Companion to Military History, Leonardo da Vinci illustrated a hackbutt (a type of early, heavy matchlock musket) with an unscrewing, or ‘turn-off’ breech in his Codex Atlanticus of c.1500-10.

Code: 21415Price: 775.00 GBP

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