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7th Century Latch Lifter. Anglo Saxon Period.
One places it through an outside door's recess cut for the latch lifter, pushed through, the latch lifter drops down to hook upon the inside latch, and as it is pulled up and thus opening the door from the outside. The lady of the house would wear it around her girdle on a hook. They were such an important and highly symbolic part of a well-to-do lady's life, they were often buried with her upon her death, along with brooches or buckles. See Fuchs, K. et al. Die Alamannen, Stuttgart, 1997 for discussion of male and female grave assemblages of this period. From the family collection of a London gentleman; formed in the late 1940s-1950s; thence by descent. The latch lifters are typical of female grave assemblages (along with brooches, beads, buckles and other items of personal adornment" Total length 10 inches long. As with all our items it comes complete with our certificate of authenticity.

Code: 21903Price: 125.00 GBP

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A Truly Rare Piece, An Original Viking Shield Boss 1000 to 1100 Years Old
10th to 11th century A.D. Circular boss, overall 6.3 inches across overall from rim to rim, central raised boss 4.75 inches across. Approx 3 inches deep [back to front]. In very nicely preserved condition. A piece of original Viking weaponry such as this is only normally ever to be seen in fine museum displays. A fine opportunity to acquire a stunning piece of history of the incredible Viking age. In the Viking age, fighting men used large, round, wooden shields gripped in the center from behind an iron boss. A few shields have survived from the Viking age, notably the shields from the Gokstad ship, which date from the 10th century. The ship was equipped with 32 shields, several of which survive intact. They were made from a single layer of planks butted together, with no iron bands, and the fronts were painted black and yellow.
Broad headed iron nails passed through the flange and were either flattened, or clenched (bent over) on the reverse side of the shield to hold the boss in place. Surviving shields are made from spruce, fir, or pine. Again, literary evidence contradicts and suggests that shields were made with linden wood (Tilia, commonly known as basswood in North America). The word lind (linden) is used to mean "shield" in poems such as Völuspį , and the term lindiskjöldr (linden shield) is used in some sagas. Linden certainly has advantages over other species of wood for shield use. It is lightweight and does not split as readily under impact as do other types of wood. Incredibly there were laws at the time for the construction of shields. The Norwegian Gulažing and Frostažing laws specify the construction of a shield. The shield should be made of wood with three iron bands and a handle fastened to the back side by iron nails. A later revision of the law says that the shield should be made of a double layer of boards (tvibyršr), and the front should be painted red and white.

Typical Viking shields were 80-90cm (32-36 inches) in diameter. Some were larger, such as the Gokstad shields, which were 94cm (37in) across. Based on surviving remnants, some shields appear to have been as small as 70cm (28in) in diameter. Presumably when a man made a shield for himself, he sized it to fit his body size and fighting style. A shield needs to be big enough to provide the desired protection but no bigger. A shield too small exposes additional lines of attack that an opponent might exploit, while a shield too large slows the defensive responses and exhausts the fighter unnecessarily.

All the surviving examples are made from solid butted planks, although literary evidence, such as the 10th century Frankish poem Waltharius, and the Gulažing laws, suggests that shields were made of laminated wood. No archaeological evidence supports this style of construction during the Viking era in Norse lands. There is negligible archaeological evidence for iron-rimmed shields, although in chapter 40 of Grettis saga, it is said that a berserk carried an iron-rimmed shield to a duel against Grettir. When Bersi and Steinar dueled in chapter 12 of Kormįks saga, Bersi's sword stuck in the iron rim of Steinar's shield.
A leather sling, used to carry the shield over the shoulder (right), would have been common. There are many instances in the stories in which a fighter threw his shield over his back in order to wield his weapon with two hands, such as in chapter 53 of Egils saga. During a battle against Earl Hringr, Žórólfr threw his shield over his back and thrust with his spear using both hands, eventually thrusting it through the earl's chest and out his back.

Shields were slung over the shoulder when not in combat, as well. In chapter 14 of Gull-Žóris saga, Žórir went out to trim the manes of his horses. He worked with his shield hanging by his side. Bljśgr attacked unexpectedly, thrusting at Žórir with his spear. The spear glanced off the shield and entered the horse's belly, killing the animal. A 10th century Viking unearthed in the 1880s was like a figure from Richard Wagner’s Ride of the Valkyries: an elite warrior buried with a sword, an ax, a spear, arrows, a knife, two shields, and a pair of warhorses. And like a mythical valkyrie (depicted above in a 19th century painting), a new study published today in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology finds that the warrior was a woman—the first high-status female Viking warrior to be identified. Excavators first uncovered the battle-ready body among several thousand Viking graves near the Swedish town of Birka, but for 130 years, most assumed it was a man—known only by the grave identifier, Bj 581. For reference on this shield boss see Pedersen, Anne, Dead Warriors in Living Memory. A study of weapon and equestrian burials in Viking-age Denmark, AD 800-1000 Studies in Archaeology & History Vol. 20:1, 2014, for discussion of weapon-graves and weapon-sets. From the family collection of a London gentleman; formed in the late 1940s-1950s; thence by descent. As with all our items it comes complete with our certificate of authenticity.

Code: 21902Price: 1275.00 GBP

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Christmas UK Delivery For Orders Up to the Morning of 21st December
Christmas delivery for orders should, ideally, be made before Friday the 21st, but Friday morning orders can be delivered on the 24th. Some of The Very Best Ideas For Unique Christmas Gifts Have Come From The Lanes Armoury. Now is the time to choose that perfect gift for Christmas, even if it's for yourself!! Unique and beautiful items are our speciality, and be sure and certain that anything from us will be the best choice you can make this Christmas time. Every item will be accompanied with our unique, presentation quality, 'Certificate of Authenticity' that will not only fully certify it's originality, but it will detail the circumstance of it's origin, and where and when it may have been used in it's specific or generic history if known. And please be further assured, all gift purchases may be changed after Christmas for any form of suitable alternatives

Code: 21901Price: On Request

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Fine Boer War Folding Knife by Joseph Allen & Sons Sheffield England.
A very good and scarce Victorian folding knife. Popular with soldiers and workmen alike. Non-XLL. Staghorn grip plates, single blade and spike, and copper loop swivel. The founder of the company was Joseph Allen, the son of a sickle maker, who had been born in Dronfield in about 1829. By 1851, Joseph had moved to Sheffield and had been trained as a razor smith, but was working as a servant. He then worked as a razor smith in New Edward Street(1861) and a "razor back forger" in Rockingham Street (1871). By 1881, he was living in Solly Street and employing ten men, with his address by the late 1880s as Oak Works, New Edward Street.
Allen built a reputation for his hollow ground blades. In 1883, Joseph Allen & Sons acquired the "NON-XLL" mark from Unwin & Rodgers, which he stamped on the razors and other cutlery. A lot of Allen's knives and razors were often exported to America. The US firm Adolph Kastor also paid Allen a royalty for the use of its "NON-XLL" mark, because of the resemblance to Wostenholm's "I*XL".

Code: 21900Price: 175.00 GBP

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A Very Good Double Maker Marked Hitler Jugend Dagger of 1939
Good steel hilt with chequered grips and swastika diamond . Made for the RZM by M7/81 Tiegelwerk, Riemberg, and dated blade 1939. This blade is the type with a short ricasso. We have seen these early Third Reich daggers starting to approach four figures now due to their increased scarcity following growing worldwide collector interest. Original black paint to scabbard in very good condition. Good leather belt strap and retaining catch. The Hitler Youth was organised into corps under adult leaders, and the general membership comprised boys aged fourteen to eighteen. The organisation was also seen as an important stepping stone to future membership of the elite Schutzstaffel (SS). Members of the Hitler Youth were particularly proud to be bestowed with the single Sig Rune by the SS. The SS utilized two Sig Runes as their mark, and this gesture served to symbolically link the two groups.

The Hitler Youth was organised into local cells on a community level. Such cells had weekly meetings at which various Nazi doctrines were taught by adult leaders. Regional leaders typically organised rallies and field exercises in which several dozen Hitler Youth cells would participate. The largest gathering usually took place annually, at Nuremberg, where members from all over Germany would converge for the annual Nazi Party rally. This knife was apparently kept and used in combat by the Hitler jugend member during his military service in a Panzer Grenadier regiment, taken as a souvenir from him after Normandy landings. Blade with service edge nicks at the top section. Excellent overall condition for age. Leather retaining button catch seperated.

Code: 21899Price: 475.00 GBP

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Chinese Qing Dynasty Shuang Jian Double Swords, Hongmu Hilts & Scabbard
The is a most exceptional original antique Chinese sword, and one of the best long bladed double-swords [shuang jiang] we have seen. The two swords fit side by side and slot into their single scabbard together making what appears to be a single sword in its scabbard, that is actually two. The Qing [or Ching] dynasty swords that survive today are almost all in England, that were brought back from China in the 19th century by traders and officers that travelled to China during the Opium Wars era. Almost all the original antique swords that remained in China were most sadly destroyed in the 20th century Cultural Revolution. Many Ching dynasty swords we uncover today in England are purchased by the current highly influential Chinese businessmen in order to return them to their collections in China once more. All the so-called and very prolific 'antique' Chinese swords that are visible throughout the world for sale today on Ebay etc., and certainly all that are sold in China, are modern copies and reproductions. True originals that are discovered now mainly exist only in England today, however the doubl swords are the raest of all, especially so the very long bladed examples. It has superbly engraved blades with the Chinese fabled Yazi dragon and the constellation of the stars, inlaid with gold. The Yazi dragon guard above some Chinese characters is on one blade, and profuse Chinese characters on the other all are inlaid with gold. The Chinese dragon does not breathe fire and kidnap maidens, the Chinese dragon can be a benevolent creature that saved mankind from drought by making it rain. The dragon also has the power to calm waters, so when a river floods, a dragon is called upon to dispel the waters. There are many different characters and personalities for various dragons within Chinese mythology, this dragon is most likely Yazi. Yazi was renown to be both brave and belligerent, He spent all day roaring, and people feared him for it. Yazi's image is used to adorn weapons that strike fear in the country's enemies.
The scabbard is hongmu with highly exclusive paktong pierced mounts. Paktong is an alloy of zinc, copper and nickel, closely resembling silver, of early Chinese origin. This is a very exclusive material that was always very expensive in it's day, when used in both Japan and China, as a decorative material for the covering of sword scabbards, and once the preserve of the truly wealthy and influential. The hilts are carved and polished hongmu or tzu-t’an, decorated with paktong metal. From the Ching [Qing] Dynasty these are two matching swords, that fit flat together and then fit within one scabbard, for the Chinese martial art of double sword fighting. Considering the importance of China to the British Empire for imports, over the past few centuries, quite incredibly, precious few swords were brought back from China, and this one would have been brought back to England after it's use in the Opium Wars or the Boxer Rebellion. This type of sword is most popular with the martial art discipline of Tai Chi. Chen Wei-Ming founded the Tai Chi Chuan school called Zhi-Rou Quan She (The Soft and Gentle Boxing Club) in 1925. Chen Wei-Ming was himself a senior student of Yang Cheng-Fu, the founder of the Yang school of Tai Chi Chuan . Chen Wei-Ming also taught Tai Chi in Shanghai in the 1930's and 40's before the revolution. In 1925, Yang Cheng-Fu asked Chen Wei-Ming, to write a book entitled "Tai Chi Chuan", with detailed captions to Yang Cheng-Fu's pictures as illustrations. In 1931, Yang had all the pictures retaken and compiled into "The Methods of Taijiquan", which was revised two years later into "A Complete Book of Tai Chi Chuan". The Chinese characters on the blade [without the dragon] translate approximately to 'made from uncorruptable steel', and 'this is a most lucky blade' The characters under the dragon are most difficult to translate. This sword had been kept in storage for many decades, the paktong has been expertly cleaned and conserved, we have left the blades as-is, in their age patinated grey condition. One of the scabbard's paktong mounts has small losses to one side. One sword has a piece paktong pommel panel the other a plain wood pommel. Overall in very good condition for age. 35 inches long overall in scabbard, each blade is 25.75 inches long, each sword is 33 inches long.

Code: 21898Price: 1995.00 GBP

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Superb 'For Empire' Lapal Badge in Polychrome Enamel on Copper
Large size badge of the Junior Imperial and Constitutional League. A circular lapel badge consisting of yellow metal. The central detail shows a lion statant surrounded by a blue enamel border that reads "FOR EMPIRE", with a second larger blue enamel border that reads "JUNIOR IMPERIAL & CONSTITUTIONAL LEAGUE". Above the central detail is the flag of the St George's cross, coloured with white and red enamel, and the Union Flag, coloured with red, white and blue enamel. The flags are surmounted by a King's crown coloured with red enamel. The JICL was formed in 1906 with the aims of creating an interest in politics among young persons aged 15 to 25 years and organised to serve the needs of the Conservative political party. The JICL was an autonomous group within the Conservative Party with its own headquarters. By 1919 women members were admitted and this greatly bolstered the JICL’s membership when at its peak it had over 100,000 in more than 300 branches. A major political theme was Imperial Unity to strengthen links between countries within the British Empire both political and economic. The JICL also had many social functions too.

The JICL was disbanded during WW2 but its work was continued by the Young Britons (Young Conservatives & Unionist Association) founded in 1925 and affiliated to the Conservative political party.

Code: 21897Price: 28.00 GBP

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A Fine French [Gaul] Bronze Age Dagger Mid 1st Millenium B.C.
From the earliest era of the La Tene Celts . A most beautiful and interesting dagger from Gaul, made as a two part construction. The La Tčne culture developed and flourished during the late Iron Age (from 450 BC to the Roman conquest in the 1st century BC) in eastern France, Switzerland, Austria, southwest Germany, the Czech Republic, and Hungary. Farther to the north extended the contemporary Pre-Roman Iron Age culture of Northern Germany and Scandinavia. Celts had a large reputation as head hunters, and were famous for putting victim’s heads on their chariots, and in front of their homes. Many Celts fought completely naked (much to the surprise of their enemies) and are famous for their iron long sword: “They cut off the heads of enemies slain in battle and attach them to the necks of their horses. The blood-stained spoils they hand over to their attendants and striking up a paean and singing a song of victory; and they nail up these first fruits upon their houses, just as do those who lay low wild animals in certain kinds of hunting. They embalm in cedar oil the heads of the most distinguished enemies, and preserve them carefully in a chest, and display them with pride to strangers, saying that for this head one of their ancestors, or his father, or the man himself, refused the offer of a large sum of money. They say that some of them boast that they refused the weight of the head in gold

In subtraction, Greeks and Phoenicians settled outposts like Marseille in this period (c. 600 BC).

By the 2nd century BC, Celtic France was called Gaul by the Romans, and its people were called Gauls. The people to the north (in what is present-day Belgium) were called Belgae (scholars believe this may represent a mixture of Celtic and Germanic elements) and the peoples of the south-west of France were called the Aquitani by the Romans, and may have been Celtiberians or Vascons. For reference see; Gallay, G. Die kupfer- und altbronzezeitlichen Dolche und Stabdolcher in Frankreich, Prähistorische Bronzefunde [trans. The Copper and Old Bronze Age Daggers and Stab Dagger in France] Abteilung VI, Band 5, Munich, 147 grams, 21cm including stand (8 1/4"). Property of an English gentleman; formerly in a UK collection formed 1970s-1990s. As with all our items it comes complete with our certificate of authenticity.

Code: 21894Price: 1500.00 GBP

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A Beautiful Greco-Persian Wars Bronze Age Dagger Around 2500 Years Old.
A most stunning slender dagger of a noble. With an elegant 6.5 inch slender blade, and 9.75 inches long overall. Eared pommel and flanged hilt Superb patina and encrustaceans to the blade and hilt. The Greco-Persian Wars (also often called the Persian Wars) were a series of conflicts between the Achaemenid Empire and Greek city-states that started in 499 BC and lasted until 449 BC. The collision between the fractious political world of the Greeks and the enormous empire of the Persians began when Cyrus the Great conquered the Greek-inhabited region of Ionia in 547 BC. Struggling to rule the independent-minded cities of Ionia, the Persians appointed tyrants to rule each of them. This would prove to be the source of much trouble for the Greeks and Persians alike.

In 499 BC, the tyrant of Miletus, Aristagoras, embarked on an expedition to conquer the island of Naxos, with Persian support; however, the expedition was a debacle and, preempting his dismissal, Aristagoras incited all of Hellenic Asia Minor into rebellion against the Persians. This was the beginning of the Ionian Revolt, which would last until 493 BC, progressively drawing more regions of Asia Minor into the conflict. Aristagoras secured military support from Athens and Eretria, and in 498 BC these forces helped to capture and burn the Persian regional capital of Sardis. The Persian king Darius the Great vowed to have revenge on Athens and Eretria for this act. The revolt continued, with the two sides effectively stalemated throughout 497–495 BC. In 494 BC, the Persians regrouped, and attacked the epicentre of the revolt in Miletus. At the Battle of Lade, the Ionians suffered a decisive defeat, and the rebellion collapsed, with the final members being stamped out the following year. As with all our items it comes complete with our certificate of authenticity.

Code: 21893Price: 875.00 GBP

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A Wartime Royal Navy Sweetheart Brooch in Gold and Tortoishell
Gold [probably 9ct] Royal Naval engraved anchor badge inset into a tortoishell disc in a gilt metal outer frame. 1 inch across

Code: 21892Price: 65.00 GBP

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