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A Fabulous and Huge South Seas Island War Club in Palm Wood
In superb condition with stunning patina. Clubs were the South Seas Islanders favourite weapon, who in the early 19th century lived in a virtually constant state of warfare. A greater variety of clubs were made on Fiji than in many other Pacific islands, but by 1870 the iron axe has almost superseded the wood club as a fighting weapon. The hatchet or splitting axe head being hafted onto long club type handles. This early example from the 18th or 19th century has a very long haft and a fabulous patina over time. To fully appreciate these clubs it is important to understand the environment they came from. It is reasonable to assume with number of huge fortifications and highly specific types of weapons warfare was a day to day part of life. An item very likely traded from the time of Cpt's Cook and Bligh.
The goal of Europeans who sailed the Pacific during the 17th and 18th centuries was to find terra australis incognita, the great 'unknown southern land' later called Australia. Some of them bumped into Fiji on the way.

Abel Tasman became the first European to sail past the Fiji islands in 1643, and his descriptions of treacherous reef systems kept mariners away for the next 130 years. The English navigator James Cook visited uneventfully, stopping on Vatoa in the southern Lau Group in 1774. After the famous mutiny on the Bounty in 1789, Captain Bligh and his castaway companions passed between Vanua Levu and Viti Levu, through a channel now known as Bligh Water.

Tongans had long traded colourful kula feathers, masi (printed bark cloth) and weapons with the eastern Fiji islands. From the early 19th century, European whalers, and traders of sandalwood and bêche-de-mer (sea cucumber), tackled their fears of reefs and cannibals and also began to visit.

Fragrant sandalwood was highly valued in Europe and Southeast Asia. Tongans initially controlled the trade, obtaining sandalwood from the chiefs of Bau Bay on Vanua Levu, and then selling it to the Europeans. However, when Oliver Slater - a survivor of the shipwrecked Argo - discovered the location of the supply, he spread the news of its whereabouts and in 1805 Europeans began to trade directly with Fijians, bartering metal tools, tobacco, cloth, muskets and gunpowder. By 1813 the accessible supply of sandalwood was exhausted, but the introduction of firearms and the resulting increase in violent tribal warfare were lasting consequences of the trade.
Warfare in Fiji was a way of life. The Fijian’s produced what seemed to be an infinite array of the most equisitely sculptured warclubs. As collectors it is easy to appreciate their form, beauty and rarity, and forget how deadly these objects are. To fully appreciate these clubs it is important to understand the environment they came from. It is reasonable to assume with number of huge fortifications and highly specific types of weapons warfare was a day to day part of the most readable and absorbing book on this is by Fergus Clunie ‘Fijian Weapons and Warfare” which has recently been reprinted.
This club is similar to the Vunikau type or root stock club. Like other root type clubs it is often called after the root from which they are made. Some of the clubs are designed to slash and snap. Others like the Vunikau are for smashing and crushing.
The designs followed tradition and didn’t often vary although the quality of carving did. 51 inches long overall

Code: 22628Price: 895.00 GBP

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A Most Interesting and Attractive White Metal 1920/30's Zeppelin Money Box
Braubach, Marksburg. In very nice condition, lockable bottom opening with key. Flag poles raise and lower Deutsche Luftschiffahrts-Aktiengesellschaft was founded on 16 November 1909 as a subsidiary of the Luftschiffbau Zeppelin Corporation to commercialize airship travel. It became the world's first passenger airline in revenue service with the launch of LZ 7 Deutschland in 1910. While DELAG's initial flights were primarily sightseeing tours, by 1919 it was operating a regular schedule between Berlin and Friedrichshafen with a stop at Munich. Between 1910 and the outbreak of World War I DELAG transported over 34,028 passengers on 1,588 commercial flights.

The first DZR (1935–1940)
The creation of the DZR as successor to DELAG occurred for both political and business reasons. Luftschiffbau Zeppelin (LZ) chairman Hugo Eckener, who had intended to run against Hitler in the 1932 presidential election, was already disliked by the Nazis. When Eckener later resisted the new Nazi government's efforts to use zeppelins for propaganda purposes, Reich Minister of Aviation Hermann Göring insisted that a new agency be created to extend Party control over LZ Group. A personal rivalry between Göring and Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels also played a role. To complicate matters further, the Luftschiffbau was a loss-making concern and needed cash investment, in particular to complete construction of the Hindenburg.

Deutsche Zeppelin-Reederei was therefore incorporated on 22 March 1935 as a joint venture between Zeppelin Luftschiffbau, the Ministry of Aviation, and Deutsche Luft Hansa. The LZ Group's capital contribution came primarily from its two airships LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin and LZ 129 Hindenburg, the latter of which was not yet complete on the date of incorporation. Nearly all of the rest was an infusion of cash by the Air Ministry and DLH. 4 3/4 inches x 2 1/2 inches x 3 inches

Code: 22625Price: 175.00 GBP

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A Very Fine Rare Gambler's Dirk cum Boot Knife, Mid 19th Century
Carved spiral ivory grip with block pommel, incredible and immensely powerful four edged scalloped blade, that could likely penetrate a Jerry can!. Steel quillon block with scrolling quillon, short quatrefoil blade. Original formed German silver scabbard with hanging ring. A very fine quality dirk, perfect for concealment for the gamblers of the Wild West frontier, and the Mississippi river boat gamblers. Ivory grip with hairline cracking. Whether on a riverboat atop the Mighty Mississippi, or in the smoky dimness of a mining camp saloon, a lucky draw could turn a broken man into a winner. In the days of the frontier west, poker was king with the mustachioed likes of Wild Bill Hickok, Doc Holliday, “Canada” Bill Jones, Wyatt Earp, Bat Masterson, and hundreds of others.

In the old west towns of Deadwood, Dodge City, Tombstone, and Virginia City, gamblers played with their back to the wall and their guns at their sides, as dealers dealt games with names such as Chuck-A-Luck, Three Card Monte, High Dice, and Faro, by far the favourite in the wild west saloons. Gambling took many forms on riverboats. Gambling with one's life with the boilers aside, there were sharks around willing to fleece the unsuspecting rube. As cities passed ordinances against gaming houses in town, the cheats moved to the unregulated waters of the Mississippi aboard river steamers.

There was also gambling with the racing of boats up the river. Bets were made on a favourite vessel. Pushing the boilers hard in races would also cause fires to break out on the wooden deck structures. A near identical example sold in Butterfields Auction, from the Allan S Kelly Collection of 19th Century American and English Dirks, in San Francisco in July 1994, 25 years ago, Lot number 2401, for $935. Size 8 inches long overall, blade 4 inches. As is usual for these small knives it has no maker markings

Code: 22624Price: 875.00 GBP

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A Very Good German Polizei Dienst-Seitengewehr by E&F Horster Solingen
A dagger of incredible quality, in fact one of the best quality daggers ever made by the Third Reich. Excellent conditio overall near mint bright original polish blade. With stamped Schutzpolizei Sicherheitsdienst SD/SS section and number SD VIII.3 to blade hilt, and scabbard. Fully engraved eagle head pommel with plumage, and engraved oak leaf pattern quillon. The property marking predates the addition of the post-1936 police eagle on the grip. Bavaria did not use these style bayonets until after the nationalization of the police in 1936. It bears the sunburst/k. mark stamp on the blade This marking was the acceptance stamp of the Prussian Police Procurement Office after Hitler came to power, the many German Police organizations still operating through their respective states and provinces were centralized under the guidance of SS-Reichsführer Himmler. Their previous arm, a very long bayonet with clamshell addition, was altered to suit the newly formed Police. The new weapon was reworked and reissued having the following characteristics; the blade length was reduced to 13 inches [as is this one], the clamshell was removed, the grip was shortened, and the new 3rd Reich Police grip insignia replaced the Weimar six-sided grip insignia. Since adequate numbers of reworked bayonets were available, few newly produced weapons were required. This weapon's hilt consists of a nickel eagle head pommel, oak-leafed quillon, and stag grip plates The scabbard is brown leather with matching nickel mounts. As you will see from the picture of the original 1941 poster [we show for information purposes] that the Schutzpolizei and Sicherheitsdienst SD/SS officers not only wore these sidearm on full dress parade they wore them in combat service dress with combat helmets etc. as well. Sicherheitsdienst Security Service, full title Sicherheitsdienst des Reichsführers-SS (Security Service of the Reichsführer-SS), or SD, was the intelligence agency of the SS and the Nazi Party in Nazi Germany. Originating in 1931, the organization was the first Nazi intelligence organization to be established and was considered a sister organization with the Gestapo (formed in 1933) through integration of SS members and operational procedures. Between 1933 and 1939, the SD was administered as an independent SS office, after which it was transferred to the authority of the Reich Main Security Office (Reichssicherheitshauptamt; RSHA), as one of its seven departments/offices. Its first director, Reinhard Heydrich, intended for the SD to bring every single individual within the Third Reich's reach under "continuous supervision".

Following Germany's defeat in World War II, the tribunal at the Nuremberg Trials declared the SD a criminal organisation, along with the rest of Heydrich's RSHA (including the Gestapo) both individually and as branches of the SS in the collective. Heydrich's successor, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, was convicted of war crimes and crimes against humanity at the Nuremberg trials, sentenced to death and hanged in 1946. The Ordnungspolizei was separate from the SS and maintained a system of insignia and Orpo ranks. It was possible for policemen to be members of the SS but without active duties. Police generals who were members of the SS were referred to simultaneously by both rank titles during the war. For instance, a Generalleutnant in the Police who was also an SS member would be referred to as SS Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Polizei. In addition, those Orpo police generals that undertook the duties of both Senior SS and Police Leader (Höhere SS und Polizeiführer) gained equivalent Waffen-SS ranks in August 1944 when Himmler was appointed Chef der Ersatzheeres (Chief of Home Army), because they had authority over the prisoner-of-war camps in their area.

Heinrich Himmler's ultimate aim was to replace the regular police forces of Germany with a combined racial/state protection corps (Staatsschutzkorps) of pure SS units. Local law enforcement would be undertaken by the Allgemeine-SS with the Waffen-SS providing homeland-security and political-police functions. Historical analysis of the Third Reich has revealed that senior Orpo personnel knew of Himmler's plan and were opposed to it. Removed grip badge.

Code: 22623Price: 675.00 GBP

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A German, Solingen, Vintage Long Hunting Style Dagger
Large etched panel to one blade face, depicting a hunting scene. Nickel silver hilt mounts and green leather scabbard mounts, with staghorn grip. Maker marked Whitby of Solingen, Germany. Forestry and hunting in Germany enjoys a long, illustrious history and tradition that continues to the present day. On July 8th 1933 Hermann Göring was appointed as Reichsforst und Jägermeister, (National Forestry and Hunting Master), as head of the, Reichsforstamt, (National Forestry Department), in charge of administration of all aspects of forestry and hunting including the development, maintenance and conservation of all the forests and wild game within Germany. The Reichsforstamt was sub-divided into four main departments of; Gemeinde Forst Dienst, (General Forestry Service), Privat Forst Dienst, (Private Forestry Service), Heeres Forst Dienst, (Army Forestry Service), and the Luftwaffe Forst Dienst, (Air-force Forestry Service). Personnel serving in all four services were assigned a uniform which included a visor cap, with minor variations in insignia. Long narrow blade, approx the same size and dimensions as the WW2 German Luftwaffe dagger, army style pommel, often acquired by occupation forces after the war

Code: 22622Price: 375.00 GBP

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A Koto Era, Ancient 600 Year Old Samurai Katana Sword of Phenomenal Beauty
A sword that is a stunning example of original Samurai warfare from the great Warring era and the one of the greatest periods of war in the history of ancient Japan. And this is one of the most beautiful swords it has been our priveledge to own for some time, it would have been the sword of a most high ranking samurai or warlord, the quality of the Edo period Soten mounts and it's overall fitting would reflect the rank and status of it's owner. Original Edo period gold silk hilt binding [tsukaito]. The last samurai who wore this magnificent sword would have been only too aware he was using a sword that would have been carried in battle by up to 30 samurai, or even more, before him. It is singularly, splendid, and a sumptuous sword set with strikingly, superb, sublime and stunning Edo period Soten mounts of Shakudo and finest gold with a beautiful matching Tsuba also signed. A highly hand polished and coloured rayskin saya of the finest quality, showing really wide nodules only to be seen in the finest Same [ pronouced Sahmay], that was made form the skin of the greatest giant ray. And judging by the size of the polished down nodules, an ancient fish never seen today. A most slender, elegant blade, fully polished, showing the typical Koto era chu-sugaha hamon and small Kissaki of the 1350 to 1400's and a lovely running grain in the hada with a few typical ware allways expected to be present in very early and ancient swords of this era. The sword would have been used in the Onin War period (1467–1477) which led to serious political fragmentation and obliteration of domains: a great struggle for land and power ensued among bushi chieftains and lasted until the mid-sixteenth century. Peasants rose against their landlords and samurai against their overlords, as central control virtually disappeared. The imperial house was left impoverished, and the bakufu was controlled by contending chieftains in Kyoto. The provincial domains that emerged after the Onin War were smaller and easier to control. Many new small daimyo arose from among the samurai who had overthrown their great overlords. Border defenses were improved, and well fortified castle towns were built to protect the newly opened domains, for which land surveys were made, roads built, and mines opened. New house laws provided practical means of administration, stressing duties and rules of behavior. Emphasis was put on success in war, estate management, and finance. Threatening alliances were guarded against through strict marriage rules. Aristocratic society was overwhelmingly military in character. The rest of society was controlled in a system of vassalage. The shoen (feudal manors) were obliterated, and court nobles and absentee landlords were dispossessed. The new daimyo directly controlled the land, keeping the peasantry in permanent serfdom in exchange for protection Mumei o suriagi Nakago. Overall length in saya 37.5 inches, blade tsuba to tip 24 inches.

Code: 22621Price: On Request

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The Lanes Armoury Proudly Serving Collectors for 100 Years
A New Visitor Record Set. Over 3995 people, men women and children, came through our door on Saturday the 12th October.
As many of you know our family has been trading in Brighton since the end of WW1 and this year it is our centenary. Visitors to our shop will know we can get up to between 2000 to 3000 visitors a day, Summer and Winter, so 'in theory' anything up to 60 million people may have crossed our thresholds during that 100 years, and we don’t even open on Sundays or Bank Holidays!. Our webstore is now, we are told, probably the largest online selling militaria website in the world with well over 16,000 photographs to view. In celebration of our centenary we have been offering our regulars a few special items, just now and again, at well below cost, saving the lucky buyers many tens of thousands of pounds, they are offered as a sincere token of our thanks, so if you see them grab them while you can. They are offered on a first come first served basis, and they will appear without warning. We know through our photo archive it certainly dates from 1920, but old family history notes 1919 is the year of the first shop opening. Probably dating to just after the return of the partner's grandfather from his service in the desert campaign in WW1. Their great grandfather also served in WW1, on the top secret naval 'Q-Ships'. During our centenary special offers will appear, so keep an eye peeled and see if you can bag a bargain! The Lanes Armoury, One Of The Last True Armouries In Europe
A unique company that has evolved from it's roots, as one of the oldest surviving Sussex family traders, established since the reign of King George Vth. Mark Hawkins [the senior partner] has been involved in the business for almost 50 years, and his younger brother, David, for almost 40. In fact much longer in some respects than 50 years for Mark as he bought his first flintlock gun aged 7 years old. Between them [and their predecessors] they have been supplying and purveying fine arms, armour and antiques to simply too many tens of thousands of clients, from the four corners of the globe, to count them all. From presidents to postmen, all have been most warmly received by the company as esteemed clients and friends. We provide a unique, bespoke service, tailored to suit the needs of every customer, and all are treated equally. Our normal opening hours are Monday to Saturday 11.00am till 5.15 pm. We are available however, all day, on 07721 010085 [+ 44 [0]7721 010085]. Ronald Wilson Reagan [February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) 40th President of the United States (1981–1989). A much missed client and 'friend' of The Lanes Armoury

Code: 22620Price: On Request

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Original Early Airship Propeller, A Most Rare Piece of Original Aeronautica
A very rare artefact from the earliest days of manned flight. From one of the earliest dirigibles. A top portion from a dirigible propellor, rivetted copper edged for rotational protection of the propellor against minor impact, laminated hardwood body. An airship or dirigible balloon is a type of aerostat or lighter-than-air aircraft that can navigate through the air under its own power. Aerostats gain their lift from large gasbags filled with a lifting gas that is less dense than the surrounding air.
Dirigible airships compared with related aerostats, from a turn-of-the-20th-century encyclopedia
In early dirigibles, the lifting gas used was hydrogen, due to its high lifting capacity and ready availability. Helium gas has almost the same lifting capacity and is not flammable, unlike hydrogen, but is rare and relatively expensive. Significant amounts were first discovered in the United States and for a while helium was only used for airships in that country. Most airships built since the 1960s have used helium, though some have used hot air.

The envelope of an airship may form a gasbag, or may contain a number of internal gas-filled cells. An airship also has engines, crew, and optionally also payload accommodation, typically housed in one or more "gondolas" suspended below the envelope.

The main types of airship are non-rigid, semi-rigid, and rigid. Non-rigid airships, often called "blimps", rely on internal pressure to maintain their shape. Semi-rigid airships maintain the envelope shape by internal pressure, but have some form of supporting structure, such as a fixed keel, attached to it. Rigid airships have an outer structural framework that maintains the shape and carries all structural loads, while the lifting gas is contained in one or more internal gasbags or cells. Rigid airships were first flown by Count Zeppelin and the vast majority of rigid airships built were manufactured by the firm he founded. As a result, rigid airships are often called zeppelins
Ideal for a gentleman's study or office. A superb piece of aeronautica that also happens to be a stunning piece of art. 12 inches wide 25.5 inches long. Ideal for mounting on a base.

Code: 22619Price: 395.00 GBP

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A Nazi Deutsche Zeppelin-Reederei Serving Platter From the Graf Zeppelin
The platter has the German Zeppelin Co. logo, of the Third Reich Zeppelin, flying across the globe, the Deutsche Zeppelin-Reederei. Manufactured by GEBRÜDER HEPP PFORZHEIM, in 90 grade. In March 1935, the South Atlantic flights became the responsibility of the Nazi controlled Deutsche Zeppelin-Reederei, after this company had been set up jointly by Luftschiffbau Zeppelin, the German Air Ministry and Deutsche Lufthansa. The DZR was created at the instigation of Air Minister Hermann Goring as a way to increase Nazi control over zeppelin operations, and can be see as part of the larger policy of Gleichschaltung, or coordination, which affected all aspects of German life in the years following Hitler’s assumption of power.

Consistent with Nazi ideology, the airship was expected to be more than just a private commercial venture; it was to be a public symbol of the new German nation. In a speech marking the founding of the DZR, Goring commented: “I hope that the new ship will also fulfil its duty in furthering the cause of Germany… The airship does not have the exclusive purpose of flying across the Atlantic, but also has a responsibility to act as the nation’s representative.”

The even larger airship, the LZ 129 'Hindenburg' joined the 'Graf Zeppelin' in 1936, and, in addition to South Atlantic flights with its partner, inaugurated a service over the North Atlantic, between Frankfurt and Lakehurst in New Jersey, in the summer. Also in 1936 the South American route was extended to Rio de Janeiro. Deutsche Zeppelin-Reederei ceased operations as the commercial use of airships came to an abrupt end on 6 May 1937, when the 'Hindenburg' exploded at Lakehurst.
This large silver tray is made of German silver plate, 90 grade, and was the product of the same silver company that made the Third Reich military cutlery and other silver objects for the Third Reich hierarchy - Gbr. Hepp. His company alongside his rival, Wellner, was a maker of much of the Fuhrer's formal dinnerware, and the Reich chancellery dinnerware pieces. Many items by were used in several of Hitler's residences, the Hotel [Der Deutscher Hof] personally used by Hitler, and numerous state offices. The Zeppelin Corps became one of the shortest-lived German service branches of World War II. After the German invasion of Poland in 1939, the Luftwaffe ordered the last two Zeppelin airships moved to a large Zeppelin hangar in Frankfurt. In March of 1940, Goring ordered their destruction and the aluminium fed into the Nazi war industry. In May, a fire broke out in the Zeppelin facility which destroyed most of the remaining parts. The rest of the parts and materials were soon scrapped with almost no trace of the German "Giants of the Air" remaining by the end of the year. 49cm x 32.5cm

Code: 22618Price: 700.00 GBP

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A Good Original Shinto Katana Circa 1730, Blade Signed Kanetoshi
Beautiful undulating hamon and a most elegant curvature. Signed 'Kanetoshi made this', but also inscribed on the other side of the nakago, with possibly with the name of the samurai it was made for, but we are having trouble translating it at present. Absolutely perfect for re-fitting in traditional antique samurai mounts [koshirae] to create a bespoke sword for its new owner to appear just as it once looked 150 years ago. Very beautiful hamon and polish, with just a few aged pit marks [see photos]. This work we specialise in, and are very happy to undertake if required. Its cost would likely be in the region of £1500 [depending on the quality of fushigashira and tsuba required]. We can just create a bespoke shirasaya [traditional storage mount in handmade carved Japanese wood] for around £350. Total length 34inches, 26 inch long cutting edge.

Code: 22617Price: 1995.00 GBP

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