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A Beautiful Bizen Koto Katana Circa 1380 Nambokochu Era
Made in the transitional period between Nambokochu and Muramachi. Super ancient narrow blade with wonderful curvature and typical narrow hamon of the Nambokochu era. Delightful original Edo fittings including its superb Edo lacquer saya with deep ribbing and a court cap pattern saya-jiri [bottom chape mount]. The iron fushi kashira have pure gold inlaid ancient kinbuntai kanji. The iron tsuba is beautifully chisseled with crisp edges. Looking at the late Nanbokucho period, the main Bizen smiths last signed eras (the last dated examples do not always coincide with the end of the smith’s career) were Joji for Motoshige, Koryaku for Chogi, and Oei for Omiya Morishige. Many of the Bizen dates moved up to Eiwa, Koryaku, Eitoku, Shitoku, Kakei, Ko-o, and Meitoku, and the tachi shapes changed to become narrower. Choji’s Koryaku era tachi are narrow, but without other style changes. Morikage’s work from the end of the Nanbokucho period have a narrow shape with small hamon which is similar to Kosori work. Also, there are many Bizen smiths who are not belong to famous schools and do not have a clear school style (similar to this Masamitsu work), and people called all of these smiths Kosori smiths. Overall, at the end of the Nanbukucho period, Bizen swords became narrower, and at the same time, the mainstream schools’ characteristics gradually disappeared and smaller hamon become popular.

Code: 20545Price: 4995.00 GBP

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A Prussian Model 1852 Infantryman's Hanger Used in the Franco Prussian War
Fully regimentally marked, made by P.D. Lundschloss of Solingen. All brass hilt. The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War , often referred to in France as the War of 1870 (19 July 1870 – 10 May 1871), was a conflict between the Second French Empire of Napoleon III and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia. The conflict was caused by Prussian ambitions to extend German unification and French fears of the shift in the European balance of power that would result if the Prussians succeeded. Some historians argue that the Prussian chancellor Otto von Bismarck deliberately provoked a French attack in order to draw the independent southern German states—Baden, Württemberg, Bavaria and Hesse-Darmstadt—into an alliance with the North German Confederation dominated by Prussia, while others contend that Bismarck did not plan anything and merely exploited the circumstances as they unfolded.

On 16 July 1870, the French parliament voted to declare war on the German Kingdom of Prussia and hostilities began three days later. The German coalition mobilised its troops much more quickly than the French and rapidly invaded north-eastern France. The German forces were superior in numbers, had better training and leadership and made more effective use of modern technology, particularly railroads and artillery.

A series of swift Prussian and German victories in eastern France, culminating in the Siege of Metz and the Battle of Sedan, saw Napoleon III captured and the army of the Second Empire decisively defeated. A Government of National Defence declared the Third Republic in Paris on 4 September and continued the war for another five months; the German forces fought and defeated new French armies in northern France. Following the Siege of Paris, the capital fell on 28 January 1871, and then a revolutionary uprising called the Paris Commune seized power in the capital and held it for two months, until it was bloodily suppressed by the regular French army at the end of May 1871.

Code: 20544Price: 295.00 GBP

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A French Napoleonic Wars Cuirassier Sword, 1814 Dated Blade
With the French regulation cuirassier sword 1854 modification pommel and guard for use in the Crimean War. A sword that was used the Napoleonic Wars, made before when Napoleon was exiled to Elba, but used during the 100 days war, after his return to France, that culminated in Napoleon's defeat at Waterloo by the Duke of Wellington, and then sent to the Crimean War in Russia in 1854 to 1856, and last used in the Franco Prussian War in 1871. Made in the period that Napoleon was incarcerated at Elba, and used at Waterloo in the 100 days. All Napoleon's heavy Cavalry Regiments fought at Waterloo, there were no reserve regiments, and all the Cuirassiers, without exception fought with their extraordinary resolve, bravery and determination. The Hundred Days started after Napoleon, separated from his wife and son, who had come under Austrian control, was cut off from the allowance guaranteed to him by the Treaty of Fontainebleau, and aware of rumours he was about to be banished to a remote island in the Atlantic Ocean, Napoleon escaped from Elba on 26 February 1815. He landed at Golfe-Juan on the French mainland, two days later. The French 5th Regiment was sent to intercept him and made contact just south of Grenoble on 7 March 1815. Napoleon approached the regiment alone, dismounted his horse and, when he was within gunshot range, shouted, "Here I am. Kill your Emperor, if you wish." The soldiers responded with, "Vive L'Empereur!" and marched with Napoleon to Paris; Louis XVIII fled. On 13 March, the powers at the Congress of Vienna declared Napoleon an outlaw and four days later Great Britain, the Netherlands, Russia, Austria and Prussia bound themselves to put 150,000 men into the field to end his rule. Napoleon arrived in Paris on 20 March and governed for a period now called the Hundred Days. By the start of June the armed forces available to him had reached 200,000 and he decided to go on the offensive to attempt to drive a wedge between the oncoming British and Prussian armies. The French Army of the North crossed the frontier into the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, in modern-day Belgium. Napoleon's forces fought the allies, led by Wellington and Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, at the Battle of Waterloo on 18 June 1815. Wellington's army withstood repeated attacks by the French and drove them from the field while the Prussians arrived in force and broke through Napoleon's right flank. The French army left the battlefield in disorder, which allowed Coalition forces to enter France and restore Louis XVIII to the French throne. Off the port of Rochefort, Charente-Maritime, after consideration of an escape to the United States, Napoleon formally demanded political asylum from the British Captain Frederick Maitland on HMS Bellerophon on 15 July 1815.

Code: 20543Price: 950.00 GBP

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A Very Good WW1 1908 Pattern British Cavalry Trooper's Sword
Darkened lacquer war finish with very good blade in clean polish. Regimentally marked hilt and scabbard and overall a great sword. An original sword as can be seen used to incredible effect in the magnificent epic, by Steven Spielberg, 'Warhorse'. A vintage trooper's sword with full ordnance markings, used in the frontline British cavalry regiments during WW1. The current Cavalry pattern used by all forms of the current British Cavalry. Considered to be the best designed cavalry sword ever made. In exceptionally good condition for age, a superb collector's item from the finest cavalry in the world. Early in WW1, cavalry skirmishes occurred on several fronts, and horse-mounted troops were widely used for reconnaissance. Britain's cavalry were trained to fight both on foot and mounted, but most other European cavalry still relied on the shock tactic of mounted charges. There were isolated instances of successful shock combat on the Western Front, where cavalry divisions also provided important mobile fire-power. Beginning in 1917, cavalry was deployed alongside tanks and aircraft, notably at the Battle of Cambrai, where cavalry was expected to exploit breakthroughs in the lines that the slower tanks could not. At Cambrai, troops from Great Britain, Canada, India and Germany participated in mounted actions. Cavalry was still deployed late in the war, with Allied cavalry troops harassing retreating German forces in 1918 during the Hundred Days Offensive, when horses and tanks continued to be used in the same battles. In comparison to their limited usefulness on the Western Front, "cavalry was literally indispensable" on the Eastern front and in the Middle East.

Code: 20542Price: 745.00 GBP

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A Very Fine & Beautiful Koto O-Tanto Circa 1550
Of large, impressive and powerful size, with a rare unokubi zukuri blade, but it is rarer still, as the tapered champhering on either side of the back edge is deliberately unequal [see photo]. Unokubi Zukuri literally means 'neck of the Cormorant' which refers to the tapering of the monouchi. Gilded raindrop habaki, pure gold decorated kurigata on the saya in the form af a dragon's head. The fushi on the tsuka is signed, bears further inscription to the side, possibly a poem or an indication of it's story, and is made of silver with gold highlights within the flower decoration. It has a kodzuka utility knife with a signed blade. All the fittings wrap and saya are original Edo period, the pure gold decoarted menuki are of clan mon [crests] the fushi is of carved buffallo horn and the tsuba in barss with silver inlaid lines. The ribbed décor black lacquer saya is a;lso original Edo period, has some lengthwise thin surface cracking, not surprising considering it's age, but not obtrusive. The tanto was invented partway through the Heian period. With the beginning of the Kamakura period, tant? were forged to be more aesthetically pleasing, and hira and uchi-sori tanto becoming the most popular styles. Near the middle of the Kamakura period, more tant? artisans were seen, increasing the abundance of the weapon, and the kanmuri-otoshi style became prevalent in the cities of Kyoto and Yamato. Because of the style introduced by the tachi in the late Kamakura period, tant? began to be forged longer and wider. The introduction of the Hachiman faith became visible in the carvings in the hilts around this time. The hamon (line of temper) is similar to that of the tachi, except for the absence of choji-midare, which is nioi and utsuri. Gunomi-midare and suguha are found to have taken its place.

During the era of the Northern and Southern Courts, the tanto were forged to be up to forty centimetres as opposed to the normal one shaku (about thirty centimetres) length. The blades became thinner between the uri and the omote, and wider between the ha and mune. At this point in time, two styles of hamon were prevalent: the older style, which was subtle and artistic, and the newer, more popular style. With the beginning of the Muromachi period, constant fighting caused the greater production of blades. Blades that were custom-forged still were of exceptional quality. As the end of the period neared, the average blade narrowed and the curvature shallowed

Code: 20541Price: 4450.00 GBP

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Cold War Minox Spy Camera, As Used By James Bond & Harry Palmer
Actually from a former intelligence service agent, and used by him OHMSS [not the film], in its original leather case with serpent type chain. Late 1950's to 60's Minox Model B Subminiature Camera with Case, Chain. It would go very nicely with a PPK. Minox-B is a small high-quality subminiature camera that is small enough to fit in the palm of a hand. It was built by Minox in Germany as the successor to the post-war Minox A. For Many years it was the worlds most famous and widely used camera for espionage photography.

Like its predecessor, the Minox-A, the body of the camera is made of aluminum. When closed, it measures only 97 x 27 x 15 mm, allowing it to be concealed easily, e.g. in the palm of a hand or somewhere in the operator's clothing.

The camera is operated by opened by pulling it outwards from both ends. When closed, the film is advanced to the next position. The image on the right shows a Minox-B camera ready for use. A chain, that also acted as a measuring device, could be attached to one side of the camera, allowing it to be affixed to the user's clothing.
The negatives are only 8 x 11 mm small. The Minox-B is fitted with a very high quality lens. When used in combination with high-grade film, it allowed black & white images with enormous detail to be obtained from the small negatives. The film strip itself is 9.2 mm wide and is rolled-up on a supply spool inside a small cartridge. It has no sprocket holes and allows 50 images to be taken with a single cartridge. In later years, colour film became available for the Minox-B, but it had signifficantly lower detail than the high-grade black & white film.

The Minox-B was the first Minox subminiature camera to have a built-in light meter. The meter didn't require any batteries as it was based on a selenium cell. This ensured that the camera was always ready for use, even if it had been stored for a long period of time. Because of the built-in light meter, the Minox B was about 15 mm longer that its predecessors the Minox Riga and the Minox A. Minox-B cameras have been in production from 1958 to 1969. We have no doubt he was as he was alleged to be, for not only was he most cynical in nature, and highly non descript looking, he showed us two of his expired 1960's passports, both bearing different names, and an old pass document. None of which he should have kept naturally. He also gave us his name, Charles Brown, neither of which were on the passports. In a passing comment, giving no clue whatsoever but a merest hint, he mentioned that if he could have kept what he photographed he would have been a millionaire decades ago [but only in South America].

Code: 20540Price: 495.00 GBP

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A Good Victorian Painted Truncheon With Unusual Crest and Brass Base Cap
Good hardwood turned truncheon with gilt and coloured VR Crown and heraldic shield. Brass turned base cap with swivel lanyard loop and leasther lanyard complete. In 1829 the Metropolitan Police Force, organised by Sir Robert Peel, was established to keep the order in London. The force, under a Commissioner of the Police with headquarters at Scotland Yard, was essentially a civilian one: its members were armed only with wooden truncheons and at first wore top-hats and blue frock-coats. The "Peelers" or "Bobbies" were greeted largely with derision by Londoners, but they did become accepted fairly quickly. Their primary purpose was to prevent crime, and some London criminals left their haunting grounds of London for the larger provincial towns, which in turn established their own forces on the Metropolitan model. The pattern followed through to the small villages and countryside. To secure co-operation between the spreading network and establish further forces, Parliament passed an act in 1856 to co-ordinate the work of the various forces and gave the Home Secretary the power to inspect them. In the counties, under the Police Act of 1890, the police became the combined responsibility of the local authorities - the County Councils - and the Justice of the Peace, while in London, the Metropolitan Police at Scotland Yard remained under the Commissioner appointed by the Home Office. At the turn of the century, the British police force established a reputation for humane and kindly efficiency. Their mere existence undoubtedly did a lot to prevent crime, and they built up what was on the whole a highly effective system of investigation and arrest.

Code: 20539Price: 245.00 GBP

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A Good Small Japanese Samurai Aikuchi Tanto Edo Period Circa 1700
All original Edo fittings with period lacquer. Nicely polished blade with a gunome hamon based on suhaga. Dark red saya and tsuka over-dappled with black lacquer with contrasting matt and bright highlights. Silver falling rain engraved habaki and golden shi-shi lion dogs mounted to the bottom section of the saya. Small denting to the saya lacquer on the obverse side. 10.5 inches overall, 6.75 inch blade hilt to tip

Code: 20538Price: 850.00 GBP

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A Superb, Antique Abyssinian-Ethiopion Rhino Hilt Shotel Sickle-Sword.
A big, most impressive and awesome looking sword. The shotel sword is without doubt the most desirable and sought after sword made within the continent of Africa, and this is one of the best and most beautiful examples we have ever seen. Technically the name is somewhat misleading as in Tiger, shotel means simply big knife, but as this is the only true Abyssinian made local sword it is a name that is now synonymous with it. Complete with original scabbard. It is also probably the most intriguing looking sword blade shape ever made. Somewhat reminiscent of the ancient Egyptian sword of around 4000 years ago, the Kopesh. The kopesh only had and outside cutting edge however, and the shotel is double edged. Evidence for the shotel dates from the earliest Damotians (Damites) and Axumites, used by both mounted and dismounted warriors. After the Solomonic restoration of Atse Yikuno Amlak I, the resurgent Emperors began to re-establish the Axumite armies. This culminated in the reign of Amda Seyon I. Ethiopian forces were armed with short and long swords such as the Seif and Gorade. The Shotel swordsmen known as Shotelai and organized in the Axurarat Shotelai comprised one of the elite forces of Amda Seyon's Imperial host. Along with the Hareb Gonda and Korem cavalry, Keste Nihb archers and Axuarat Axuarai lancers were said to be the forces that "..flew through the air like the eagle and spun on the ground like the avalanche", by a contemporaneous historian. Shotel techniques among others included hooking attacks both against mounted and dismounted opponents that had devastating effect especially against mounted cavalry. The shotel could be used to hook and rip the warrior off the horse. Classically the Shotel was employed in a dismounted state to hook the opponent by reaching around a shield or any other defensive implement or weapon. Its shape is similar to a big sickle and can be effectively used to reach around an opponent's shield and stab them in vital areas, such as the kidneys or lungs. Painting of Dejazmach Hailu, governer of Hamasien in the Asmara
region, armed with a long,sickle shaped sword, the shotel. Dejazmach
Hailu held office during the reign of Emperor Tewodros II (1855-68)

Code: 20537Price: 1950.00 GBP

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Magnificent 500 Year Katana, Fit for a Shogun, Dedication to God of Wealth
A 500 year old Koto period blade, with carved horimono of a dragon, a Vajra [lightning bolt] and an ancient ken sword on one side, the Shin-no kurikara, and a line of four kanji and a Buddhist bonji on the other. The bonji translates to a dedication to Diakokuten, [the God of Wealth]. All of the Edo koshirae are around 50% larger than normal and the whole magnificent sword was either made to be presented to a samurai general [equivalent] or from one, to his shogun or daimyo. Swords of such magnificent proportions were often highly significant gifts to be bestowed by, or upon, those of the highest Japanese status and regard. The presentation of swords was especially prevalent during the Sengoku-jidai as an important means of cultivating close bonds between a lord and his retainers. Such exchanges between Shogun and Daimyo [clan lords] became ritualized during the Edo period. The Shogun might present such a sword upon the occasion of a Daimyo inheriting a fine and valuable estate. Daimyo treasured these swords as family heirlooms but might return them to the Shogun many years later to celebrate a most auspicious occasion. This magnificent and ancient sword has the symbol of the dragon throughout it's design, including a pure gold decorated dragon in relief, wrapped in a spiral around the hilt [tsuka] in place of the more usual silk ito [wrap]. The koshirae [suite of fittings] are fine forged iron decorated with pure gold inlaid dragonflies, the forged iron and gold inlaid tsuba has another matching dragon, chasing the pearl of wisdom in clouds, and the original Edo period cinnabar red lacquer bear two golden aoi mon with ken [noble clan crests].A revolution took place from the time of the Kamakura shogunate, which existed with the Tenno's court, to the Tokugawa, when the samurai became the unchallenged rulers in what historian Edwin O. Reischauer called a "centralized feudal" form of government. Instrumental in the rise of the new bakufu was Tokugawa Ieyasu, the main beneficiary of the achievements of Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi. Already powerful, Ieyasu profited by his transfer to the rich Kanto area. He maintained two million koku of land, a new headquarters at Edo, a strategically situated castle town (the future Tokyo), and also had an additional two million koku of land and thirty-eight vassals under his control. After Hideyoshi's death, Ieyasu moved quickly to seize control from the Toyotomi family.

Ieyasu's victory over the western daimyos at the Battle of Sekigahara (October 21, 1600, or in the Japanese calendar on the 15th day of the ninth month of the fifth year of the Keicho era) gave him virtual control of all Japan. He rapidly abolished numerous enemy daimyo houses, reduced others, such as that of the Toyotomi, and redistributed the spoils of war to his family and allies. Ieyasu still failed to achieve complete control of the western daimyos, but his assumption of the title of shogun helped consolidate the alliance system. After further strengthening his power base, Ieyasu installed his son Hidetada (1579–1632) as shogun and himself as retired shogun in 1605. The Toyotomi were still a significant threat, and Ieyasu devoted the next decade to their eradication. In 1615, the Tokugawa army destroyed the Toyotomi stronghold at Osaka.
Blade 27.25 inches tsuba to tip, overall 43.5 inches long in saya, tsuka 12 inches, tsuba 3.75 inches

Code: 20533Price: 14950.00 GBP

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