Since we created our new re-vamped website we have received thousands of compliments worldwide, thank you very much indeed, it is very gratifying to know our efforts are well received. However, if any buyers have difficulties or issues with completion of orders please email us or call us directly. Meanwhile, Enjoy Our New Site, Online Purchases By Credit Card via Sage Pay Are Now Online For; Visa/Mastercard. Meanwhile, Please Contact Us Direct To Pay By Amex Card or, You Can Pay By Bank Transfer. Regular Clients Are Welcome to Contact Us Direct As Usual. Our Bank Transfer Account Details Are On Every Order Online, plus The Info Page. Our mobile number is available 24/7 on 07721 010085 usual international prefix will apply. A minor 'new system upgrade' hiccup. Many unexplained question marks ie; ?'s.. have appeared through many of our descriptive texts, we know not why, but please simply ignore them, we are having them removed manually but this will take time. To contact us by telephone outside of the UK call, in office hours, 00 44 1273 321357, or from North America 011 44 1273 321357. Outside of office hours call 00 44 7721 010085 or from North America 011 44 7721 010085.

For UK Clients Under the new amendments to the Offensive Weapons Act 2019 although we already do not sell edged weapons to those under 18 we are now obliged by law to confirm the age of all buyers of edged weapons, and for online buyers we must have a email copy of the buyers passport or photo id EU Driving Licence..

Another feature on The Lanes Armoury was in the London Daily Telegraph;
Titled; Nation of Shopkeepers, Celebrating Britain's Unique Retailers; A most kind review of Mark Hawkins and The Lanes Armoury by Tom Ough of the Daily Telegraph.

We are now probably the World’s Largest Online Militaria & Book Website
Including over 17,000 Full Page Photographs, that makes our website size to an incredible 17,160 pages of photographs and historical descriptive text, including, approximately, 580,700 words, displaying amongst numerous other items, the worlds largest selection of original samurai edged weapons for sale outside of Japan, and probably within it!. We were very kindly described as one of the most highly recommended visitors attractions in the whole of the UK by nothing less than the 'New York Times' in their travel guide "New York Times, 36 Hours, 125 Weekends in Europe". And tens of thousands of our visitors, every single year, have told us that we are their favourite shop in the whole U.K.!

For Bank Transfer Payments of purchases

Account of; Mark and David Hawkins
Lloyds Bank
Sort Code
Account number

International transfer numbers;
IBAN; GB82LOYD30912502236835

Regarding the imminent UK Ivory Restriction/Ban as Announced 3rd April 2018. Nothing we sell will be effected due to the incoming ban having certain exemptions: such as items with less than 10 percent ivory made prior to 1947; musical instruments with less than 20 percent ivory made before 1975, and portrait miniatures painted on thin slivers of ivory and which are at least 100 years old.

Commercial activities between accredited museums are also exempt, while exemption permits can be sought for items more than a century old assessed as being among the rarest of their type.

Thus any of our swords or indeed pistols with ivory grips will be unaffected, and we do not, or ever have done, sell items of modern made ivory, and we do not sell items of all ivory construction.

Antiquities exportation; Numismatic items of a standard type, as well as other objects possessing no “special features” and valued at less than £65,000, are excluded from the requirement of an archaeological artefact EU licence. This is because the UK has exercised its discretion to exclude them under Article 2(2) of the Regulation on the Export of Cultural Goods (EC 116/2009).These and other items can be exported under the Open General Export Licence.

Japanese Sword 'Papers'; For those that are not familiar with us, and thus do not know our modus operandi regarding Japanese sword appraisal, we rarely have Nihonto 'papered appraised' swords for sale or even offered by us, for almost all of our swords came from Japan in the 1870's (or in 1945 for our military mounted swords and none of these swords have ever returned to Japan for 'papering', especially as 'papers' did not exist as a form of appraisal until after WW2. Our company's opinion of all our swords is based on our considerable family experience going back generations for nigh on 100 years, and the personal and extensive experience of over 85 years combined for the two partners Mark and David. It is our appraised judgement based on a sword's quality, age, beauty, overall condition, and history either generic or particular. Not on what one might call the more focused, and we would say, very limited, tradition of Japanese Nihonto 'papering' which judges only the blade itself and the elements of its construction, not the sword's fittings koshirae, beauty or its place in Japanese history, in any way.

We are not modern firearm dealers, we only sell original, antique, and vintage guns that are for collecting and historical display purposes only. Therefore, no licenses are required for any of the items we sell. None of our antique arms are for sale with the intention to be used. They are purely for display and collecting. Please see 'Notice regarding UK Gun Licences' below for further details.

Our shipping contract for sword deliveries to the US & Canada, door to door, is around £100.

Gun Deliveries pistols, muskets etc outside of the UK are sent through uprated security channels which is a £250 minimum cost, with client collection at the nearest International Airport

Many items are photographed in the gallery accompanied by period pictures or photographs to illustrate the items use for educational purposes. These pictures or photos are never included for sale with the item.

We Have Two Direct Lines at our store here in Brighton; 01273 321357 and 01273 771125 International +441273 321357 +441273 771125. Our store is closed on Sundays. However we also have a 24 hr line on 07721 010085 or Int'l + 44 7721 010085 .

Although, by and far, the largest proportion of our clients, with an interest for our guns and weapons, are from all over the world, and may never visit us personally, we are always delighted to receive personal visits.

If you are a new visitor to our site, or have never been to our shop, we will be a completely new experience for you, and we are always here to help. If you have never heard of us, and need to know independently who we are, just Google us, The Lanes Armoury, and you will see we are a well established family business that values it's well earned reputation. We may not have what you are looking for, but no visitor to our shop has ever been less than amazed at our world beating selection and displays, we are always described as a museum more than a shop.

Even though we are simply a collector's shop, so many declare that we are their favourite shop in the country, that we have simply lost count. Out of an average of over 1000 visitors a day pre covid no one has ever said they were disappointed, and every day we receive extremely kind compliments from visitors of all ages.

In the past we have appeared in many international newspapers and journals, and we quote just one past article in the Glasgow Herald below. We have also been listed in the New York Times as one of the 100 places to visit in the UK and we, include an article that was published about us on City News Live here;

This is that article 'copied' below;

"With so many different histories to offer, you can feel freer in Brighton than in most British cities in order to select trips which coincide with your interests – and of course, you're much more likely to find in Brighton things to do which bring the history you love to life. For the lover of militaria, a visit to The Lanes Armoury is a must, but with a difference. The Armoury's housed in a three-story 16th century building and is a real treasure trove – it's a museum which is not a museum, as everything is for sale. It has been nominated and then short-listed for the British Antique & Collectors Awards as the best Antique Shop in Great Britain and is the latest incarnation of a much older business – David Hawkins Brighton Ltd – which was one of the earliest and largest British dealers in Antiques and Collectibles within the whole of Europe. It's their current specialization in Arms, Armour, Militaria, and Books which really marks them out, and creates such a fascinating and fantastic place to visit. From bronze-age swords, suits of armour, guns, revolvers, duelling pistols, American Civil war swords through to medals, thousands of military books, and also World War II weapons, it's all there to be viewed and drooled over. It's not a museum but when you leave, you've had the same experience!"

You will also find us listed on the official 'Visit Brighton' website* and we are listed as one of the 50 'must see' places any visitor to Brighton & Hove City ought to experience.

Brighton has for many decades been known as 'London-by-the-Sea', and as it is only 50 miles due south of London and within 40 miles of England's two largest airports Heathrow and Gatwick it is one of the most popular city tourist destinations in the whole of Europe. If you visit Brighton you will find that alongside the world class Royal Palace, the Brighton Pavilion, the Brighton Pier, Brighton Marina and Brighton Racecourse we are universally recommended as a truly amazing place to visit.
Even though we are not quite the biggest of the amazing Brighton attractions, many regular visitors tell us we're the best!

If on your visit you decide to purchase one or many of our items we will be delighted to provide our certificate of authenticity. A certificate will detail any provenance if known, however, detailed provenance is very rare and infrequently available. All visitors are welcome to ask opinions on items they have that we may be able to identify. This we will happily do, free of charge. However, please be aware, although we have traded for generations and personally in our business for many decades, there is no limit to the amount of items we haven't seen or never come across before, so sometimes we simply can't help through lack of specific knowledge in that area. PLEASE NOTE; We no longer send items that contain ivory, however old it might be, to the USA or Canada. Antiquities sold by us were acquired by collectors up to 250 years ago, such as during the Grand Tour, and are thus, for example, sold to America and legal to buy/sell under U.S. Statute covering cultural patrimony Code 2600, CHAPTER 14,

Japanese Historical Weaponry
Authentic medieval weapons for sale. One of the most frequently asked questions that have been put to us, over the past 40 years, is, "how are these samurai blades still so beautiful, and in almost as new appearance condition, if they are really so ancient?". It some respects the answer is simple, and comes in two parts. The steel on original, antique, Japanese samurai swords, is, quite simply, way and above the finest steel in the world. Forged by a smith whose skill was unsurpassed throughout the world of blade making. A master smith who, through decades of training and experience, could tell the difference of, potentially, only 20 degrees, in the temperature of red/white hot steel, simply by it's variations in colour. And a man whose skill, over 500 years past, gave him the ability to make a piece of steel of better quality than anything NASA ever made in order to send a rocket to the moon. These skills were but the first part of the answer, the next, comes as the explanation as to why such steel lasts for hundreds of years looking as beautiful as when it was made. Respect and reverence, is the answer. Samurai swords have a respect within Japanese culture than has been undiminished for a thousand years. To a European, or those non Japanese culture, swords are respected as a tool, possibly a beautiful tool, or a fine and most valuable tool, but still a tool. An implement of protection and assault, possibly a badge of rank, but not as an artefact to be revered with an in-built religious status of honour. Every samurai owner of these swords, and there may have been 30 or 40 over the centuries, respected their sword with unfailing care and attention to it's condition, maintaining it every day, in a near religious act of attention to detail. An item far more valuable than their home, and worthy of the committing of ritual seppuku suicide, if ever lost.
At present none of our swords have 'papers'.
99% of our antique swords came to the UK either in the 1870's or at the
close of WW2 in 1945/6. This was long before Japanese Sword 'Papers' or
Nihonto Origami were thought of, and therefore none of our swords have ever
returned to Japan for papering.
Very occasionally in the past we have had 'papered' swords though, but they
have been papered by previous collector owners in the past 50 years or so,
for personal reasons.

However, we issue our certificate of authenticity with every item we sell
which is our own version of a lifetime guarantee.

For those that may need better close up photos of blades, sadly our site is limited to 10 photos per sword, and we have a lot of detail to show on every Japanese sword, so some elements may be missed. But, if you require better photos please just email us and we will try our best to provide them for you.

Thanks to an extensive contact base built up over the past 100 years or more that stretches across the whole world, including collectors both large and small, curators, academics and consultants, we have been very fortunate, that this effort has rewarded us with the ability to offer, what we believe to be, the most comprehensive selection available in Europe, based on their potential or sometimes known history due to their age and their beauty. Although we would never arrogantly credit ourselves to be experts on Japanese Nihonto, for, quite simply, some of the most learned scholars studying this art all theirs lives often only scratch the surface of the knowledge to be learnt in this field, we have always loved history of the Samurai and admired and envied their unparalleled beauty. We therefore stock all forms of Original Japanese Weaponry Arms and Armour, Antique Samurai Swords, Antique Samurai Wakizashi, Antique Samurai Tanto Daggers, Armour, Art etc, from all periods, and it will only be found in the 'Japanese' department in their relevant 'Select Department..'.section. The ages that these items were made or used in will be described in the recognized Japanese Era and Period Terms. If you are unfamiliar with these please see the Era and Period guide below or email us for details as required. Some WW2 Officers swords may be listed under 'Tachi' not 'Katana' as they were usually mounted in the ancient Tachi style. What generally differentiates the different swords is their length. Japanese swords are measured in units of shaku, a shaku being around 30cm or one foot). A blade shorter than 1 shaku is considered a tantō (knife). A blade longer than 1 shaku but less than 2 is considered a shot (short sword). The wakizashi and kodachi are in this category. Some long short swords can be considered a chisa-katana; the proportions are that of a katana, rather than a wakizashi, and it is between 1 and 2 shaku in length. Additionally, a chisa-katana did not have a companion sword. We feel that, if only out of respect for their previous Japanese owners, all samurai swords, however neglected or battle weary, certainly deserve to be cared for and preserved for posterity.

A blade longer than 2 shaku is considered a daito, or long sword. Before 1500 most swords were worn suspended from cords on a belt, blade-down. This style is called jindachi-zukuri, and dait0 worn in this fashion are called tachi (average blade length of 75 cm). From 1500 – 1867, almost all swords were worn through an obi, paired with a smaller blade. Both blades were blade-up. This style is called buke-zukuri, and all daito worn in this fashion are katana, averaging 65 cm in blade length. Dating of Japanese edged weaponry is done with great care, but it can on occasion be quite difficult as styles, forms and designs can vary very subtly, the eras that a blade is designated as being from is judged as most likely, by opinion, but it can be later or even earlier. The age of an edged weapon always relate to it's blade not the external fittings. In regards to some blade's Kanji signatures. Probably around 70% of blades were never signed by the sword smith mumei, and those that are, may bear a name that is not necessarily the name of the smith himself gimei In the early Shinto era Yasatsugu, one of the great smiths, used to sign his works as the works of Masamune and Sadamune as well as Awataguchi Yoshimitsu and others.

One may ask why would Yasutsugu make reproductions of these famous smiths. The answer is that he was probably asked (ordered?) to by his sponsors, Hideyasu, Ieyasu, and Hidetada. We must remember that throughout Japanese history and up until today, gift giving is an integral part of the Japanese culture. In those days, especially, a very appropriate gift or reward for service was a sword. The more famous the sword the better. For the Tokugawa family, swords made by Yoshimitsu and his descendants were thought to be especially auspicious. Of course, there was a finite number of “real” ones around to be used as gifts. Therefore, it was necessary to “create” a few extra from time to time. The recipient was probably fully aware that the sword was not the “real thing”. It truly was the thought that counted especially since it was not uncommon for the same sword to be re-gifted back to the donor at some suitable future date.. If we have a sword that bears Kanji a signature, and we feel that it is very likely to be accurate, we will clearly state it as such. Please further bear in mind, some sword smiths had a name that was also used by many different smiths, all with the same name or variation thereof. We will on occasion, have the requirement for some of our Japanese blades to be re-polished, or fittings restored. We employ some of the finest artisans in the world to undertake our work, experts that have worked on museum grade pieces, or pieces from royal collections, so be assured only the very best will do for The Lanes Armoury standards. We will have them hand stone polished in the traditional method, This service is very specialised and takes some time.

Please note, we sell only original or collector's items, and our specialist military book section is simply huge and our best single and group item seller. We do not sell fantasy swords or weapons. Please ask for details for our consignment terms if required. All our guns are license free and sold under the auspices of; Section 58 (2) of the Firearms Act 1968 exempts from the provisions of the act-including certificate controls under sections 1 & 2 and prohibition under section 5-antique firearms which are sold, transferred, purchased, acquired or possessed as curiosities or ornaments.

Our Worldwide Meet & Greet
As some of our regulars know we have a representative, Victoria, often travelling the world, principally USA, Canada, Europe and the Middle East. To meet our regulars and make ourselves known to potential customers. In February 2017 it was held in British Columbia in Canada, in June 2017 it was in Lake Garda, Italy, in August 2017 it was in LA USA, Another was in Miami, USA, in August 2018, and was another great success, with a meet and greet with some of our past and current East Coast clients, and making new friends for the future. The previous July meeting in 2018 was in Dubai, UAE and also went very well indeed. 2019 was in Dubai and Greece and Canada. But 2020 has seen all that change, but we hope to have another in Dubai this October 2020.

Old Swords, Japanese Swords, 1796 Swords, Samurai Swords and Books at The Lanes in Brighton
As you will see we are one of the foremost sources of collector's items, in the world of Antique Military Books, Swords and Militaria. You can regularly see our shop, and the partners, Mark & David, on the BBC and numerous other British TV and Satellite channels. We have appeared frequently in glossy magazines all over the world and our stock regularly features in dozens of Movies and even Computer Games. We sell online, and from our shop, Items from the Ancient and Antediluvian era, Swords, Antique Samurai Swords, Militaria, Samurai Wakazashi, American Swords, Sword Sticks & British Swords, we also stock Brown Bess Muskets, Light Cavalry Pistols, Baker Rifles, Martini Henry Rifles, Colt Revolvers, Remington Revolvers and Guns and Pistols of all eras including the American Civil War and other Wild West Pistols. We also sell Medals, Badges, thousands of Books, Helmets, German WW2 items, Russian weapons, Blunderbuss, Armour, Suits of Armour, Armour, both Japanese and European [however, these may be photographed on our website for sale with swords or pole arms, these are for display purposes only and not included with the Armour unless specified]. We are also very happy, when possible, to provide [for items purchased from the Lanes Armoury] translations of foreign inscriptions that may be on various guns and swords, however, they are third party interpretations of vintage text for information only, and we cannot be responsible for the accuracy of the translation or the text. If any errors are noticed in our descriptive text please let us know and we will be happy make any corrections as necessary. We also are pleased to upgrade any purchase at any time [with a minimum 50% value increase]. Signatures on Japanese blades will be described as 'signed', 'signed by' or 'by'. 'By' will mean there is little doubt it is by the named master smith, and may come with old Japanese papers to verify. 'Signed by' means very possibly or probably by the named master smith, 'Signed' means it bears the signature which may mean it is by the master, his school, or possibly another, such as pupil, but without any verification. 'Bears the name' means unlikely by the master, even though It bears his kanji [name]. Our lifetime guarantee for Japanese swords is based on beauty, quality and age, which in our opinion, are the foremost qualities of our swords, when placed in their historical context and their appearance.

All our grenades and ordnance are examples of past wartime eras and relics. They are completely inert, empty, inoperable and purely harmless curiosities and keepsakes. We sell such items to historical collectors and/or ordnance museums only. They are completely inert De activated and safe, they contain no harmful contents in any way and are for curiosity or historical purposes only. We do not sell or deliver such items outside of the UK.

Packing & Shipping
Our packing is undertaken with extreme care and fastidiousness, and all and every effort is made to ensure our excellent 'Safe Arrival' record remains unblemished. We use the best materials available and all packages are inspected twice, independently, before dispatch. However, this does mean delivery can take a little bit longer, but we feel safety and protection is paramount. With all pole staffs, flag poles and lances that go across the Atlantic by air, they have to be separated in to two pieces. This is perfectly normal and has been achieved with special dowel system that was developed for an American Museum. Once put together and wood glued, and the seam very simply coloured they will become invisible. It should take no longer than an hour in total.
They are seamed at an angle to make the join simpler, safer, stronger and more invisible.
If you require items urgently though please ask and every effort will be made to expedite sooner. If our European clients buy de-activated or antique arms from us it is the responsibility of the client to explore all local legislation as to import regulations, we cannot be responsible for any non UK regulations. We are very aware that mail order purchasers at our Brighton Lanes Gun shop and Sword shop [ The Lanes Armoury ] desire to get their purchases as soon as possible, but please be assured it is better to arrive safely than quickly.

Eras and Periods in Japanese and British Weapon Making History & Terminology
CHOKUTO or KEN up to 900 Heian 749-1191 Kamakura 1192-1336,………….
KOTO 900 to 1595 Nambokochu 1333 to 1391, Muramachi 1392-1573, Momayama 1574-1602…………….
SHINTO from 1596 to 1781 Edo 1599 to 1867………….
SHIN-SHINTO from 1781 to 1876………..
Modern era MEIJI, TAISHO, SHOWA GENDAITO, SHOWATO, from 1876 to Current day SHINSHAKUTO……Saya = Scabbard, Tsuka = Hilt, Nakago = Tang, Mekugi = Tang Peg, Same = Giant Ray Skin, Tsuba = Sword Guard, Hamon = Blade Temper Line, Shinken = Live Blade, Mumei = Unsigned by the Smith on the Tang, Gimei = Not the Blade Smith on the Tang, Kissaki = Blade End, Koshirae = Sword Furniture ………………………...BRITISH ERAS:
ANGLO SAXON -NORMAN, 600 to 1154………….
MEDIAEVIL, 1066 to 1500 approx…………...TUDOR HenryVII to Elizabeth I 1485-1603,….. STUART James I to Queen Anne 1603-1714 Interregnum 1649 to 1660,
William IIIrd 1689-1702, Queen Anne 1702-1714, …………..
GEORGIAN George I to William IV 1714 to 1837,………….
VICTORIAN Victoria 1837 -1901,…………….
EDWARDIAN Edward VII 1901-1910, …………..
Modern Era ….George Vth 1910 to 1936, .. Edward VIIIth 1936,.. George VIth, 1936 to 1953,.. Elizabeth IInd 1953 to Current day.

UNSIGNED JAPANESE BLADES; Japanese smiths often did not like to display their name loudly. Some smiths put only their school's name, with no individual name. For example, such smiths as Ichimonji or Gassan, and of course some others. Their behaviour may indeed come from the principle of true modesty, it is effectively the opposite idea to egotism. In old Japanese, ego is a kind of dirt within the spirit.
In medieval Japan, when a smith makes a blade for his god or Buddha, he tries to make his best blade, but will not put his signature on the tang. He refrains from putting his signature on his representation of a holy piece, that he will offer in shrine or temple. When a smith received a command to make an order from a high class lord, he reacts the same way. It is in a manner that it is to respect the sword, but humbling the smith himself.

Originally unsigned blades of good quality could easily be made by these situations being prevalent.
It is said that the reason why most of Masamune blades are originally unsigned is he received his orders from the heads of samurai in Kamakura government.
Many of blades in Yamato province are originally unsigned as well. Most of them were made for the temples. There were several great temples in Yamato province then. Still today, Yamato province (Nara prefecture) is well known as a region of old temples.

Japanese - English sword part names nomenclature

Fuchi (縁):The fuchi is a hilt collar between the tsuka and the tsuba.
Habaki (鎺):The habaki is a wedge shaped metal collar used to keep the sword from falling out of the saya and to support the fittings below; fitted at the ha-machi and mune-machi which precede the nakago.
Kaeshizuno (返し角) – a hook shaped fitting used to lock the saya to the obi while drawing.
Kashira (頭):The kashira is a butt cap (or pommel) on the end of the tsuka.
Kōgai (笄):The kōgai is a spike for hair arranging carried sometimes as part of Katana-Koshirae in another pocket.
Koiguchi (鯉口):The koiguchi is the mouth of the saya or its fitting; traditionally made of buffalo horn.
Kojiri (鐺):The kojiri is the end of the saya or the protective fitting at the end of the saya; also traditionally made of buffalo horn.
Kozuka (小柄):The kozuka is a decorative handle fitting for the kogatana; a small utility knife fit into a pocket on the saya.
Kurigata (栗形):The kuri-kata is a knob on the side of the saya for attaching the sageo.
Mekugi (目釘):The mekugi is a small peg for securing the tsuka to the nakago.
Menuki (目貫):The menuki are ornaments on the tsuka (generally under the tsuka-ito); to fit into the palm for grip and originally meant to hide the mekugi.
Mekugi-ana (目釘穴):The mekugi-ana are the holes in the tsuka and nakago for the mekugi.
Sageo (下げ緒):The sageo is the cord used to tie saya to the belt/obi when worn.
Same-hada (鮫肌) – literally the pattern of the ray skin.
Same-kawa (samegawa) (鮫皮):same-kawa is the ray or shark skin wrapping of the tsuka(handle/hilt).
Saya (鞘):The saya is a wooden scabbard for the blade; traditionally done in lacquered wood.
Seppa (切羽):The seppa are washers above and below the tsuba to tighten the fittings.
Shitodome (鵐目) – an accent on the kurikata for aesthetic purposes; often done in gold-ish metal in modern reproductions.
Tsuba (鍔 or 鐔):The tsuba is a hand guard.
Tsuka (柄):The tsuka is the hilt or handle; made of wood and wrapped in samegawa.
Tsuka-maki (柄巻) – the art of wrapping the tsuka, including the most common hineri maki and katate maki (battle wrap).
Tsuka-ito (柄糸):Tsuka-ito the wrap of the tsuka, traditionally silk but today most often in cotton and sometimes leather.
Wari-bashi (割箸) – metal chop-sticks fit in a pocket on the saya.

NONE OF OUR ITEMS REQUIRE LICENCES OR ARE RESTRICTED TO OWN OR COLLECT. WE DO NOT SELL EDGED WEAPONRY OR ARMS TO ANY PERSON UNDER 18 YEARS OF AGE. A very good tip for buyers of all forms of collectables online. Never deal with companies that obscure contact details, especially the owner’s contact names, and special caution for transacting with companies that only offer a mobile cellular phone number, or email contact. You are also far more protected if you trade with a business that operates from long established premises, that can be visited in person any day of the working week, but even more importantly the business clearly names those that own and run the business, the basis of most dubious business practises is to obscure owner’s names and identities. If a website obscures details such as address, names, location, and offer no landline phone contact always ask yourself, why? In the 21st century online trading world caution is always the best form of protection. With us, for example, if we ever make any errors with our descriptions within our sales we will rectify the issue immediately, for us, customer satisfaction is paramount in all respects. Our partners names are clearly shown throughout our site with numerous direct personal contact details available. Our website on Arms & Armour & Books is now updated with new additions and deletions every two hours. There are different forms of searches on our site, if you click 'other searches' you may also search by keyword/s or stock numbers. Then click 'category search' to return to normal. Every effort is made to be accurate in our stock descriptions, however, if you notice any errors, mistakes or spelling mishaps please feel free to let us know, and we will be pleased to rectify them. No individual, professional or company is infallible, we know we aren't, but the difference between a good company and a bad one is the willingness to put right errors immediately, to the best of their ability and without excuse. Some items of Military Kit, such as Military Cap Badges and Buckles etc are Silver and / or Gold in colour, this is not to infer they are solid Silver or Gold unless they are Hallmarked, and if so they will be stated in the description as such i.e.. 'Hallmarked Silver' or 'Hallmarked Gold'. In regard to the embellishment and the furniture of weaponry, the 'Act of 1738' the Plate Offences Act 1738, & the 1738 exemptions exempted the requirement of an assay mark for gold and silver mounts of swords, daggers, pistols and guns. Therefore on the many weapons that may be fitted with solid silver mounts for example no hallmarks will be present, unless stated otherwise. Regarding Web shop photos, for items that are Generic, such as Pattern Swords or De-activated Military Arms we may use generic photographs, but for illustrative purposes only. Antique cartridge taking guns are sold as per Home Office guidelines section 58 (2). An antique gun that is chambered for an obsolete cartridge, therefore may, by virtue of section 58(2) of the 1968 Firearms Act, be freely possessed within the UK, provided that it is sold, transferred, purchased, acquired or possessed as a curiosity or ornament.

Exchange Rates for Non UK Based Clients
With the constant fluctuation in the world's currency exchange rates we try to update our exchange rate guide fairly regularly in respect to the three main rates of Pounds Sterling, US Dollars and Euros. However, our exchange rates are for general guide purposes only, we are only able to charge for each sale in our domestic currency of Pounds Sterling, and the current prevailing conversion rate is then charged by the purchaser's bankers or charge/credit card issuers. This rate may differ, either up or down, from our guide rate.

Book Orders, Deliveries Etc.
As books are often most heavy, and large quantities are exceptionally so, it is often desirable, for economic reasons, that arrangements for collection and shipping to be made by the purchaser. We can organise delivery for large orders but the cost can be quite excessive.

The Lanes Armoury bookshop appeared with most kind reference in The Sunday Times Culture Magazine in the Book section In March 2006. As with our old site, we have many thousands of books, and as books are our largest single selling line we have just too many pass through our hands to even begin to list them all in stock, but we do try to list all our 1st Editions if possible. Please email us if you seek a particular item you don't see available. We are, as usual, actively seeking rare old books with a historical interest, we have an urgent request for a numbered second edition "The 7 Pillars of Wisdom", by T.E. Lawrence. Please contact us if you may be able to help. Please contact us personally for all our consignment terms for all types of items, we will be happy to send you a copy. Special discounts can be arranged for the purchase of books in excess of 50 in one order.

Many items you see on our site have taken us great efforts to acquire, involving the traveling of thousands of miles, and we urgently wish to buy similar items from those seeking to sell. We can be contacted by telephone on; 01273 321357, or, email us at;, or, simply write to; The Lanes Armoury, 26 Meetinghouse Lane, Brighton, East Sussex BN11HB. All transactions are accomplished with the very highest courtesy, and full discretion and confidentiality is assured.

Notice Regarding UK Gun Licenses, Sword and Knife Sales
We do not sell arms or swords that are restricted or licensable. All our items are entirely restriction free for collecting purposes, however, all purchasers of weaponry must be over 18. All UK customers may purchase our weaponry safe in the knowledge that no restrictions or licenses are required, or, apply. We sell to over 18's only. Antique guns that are chambered for an obsolete cartridge, may, by virtue of section 58(2) of the 1968 Firearms Act, be freely possessed within the UK, provided that it is sold, transferred, purchased, acquired or possessed as a curiosity or ornament. We only have deactivated guns for sale from May 2018 that are deactivated to the requirement of the latest and current EU based legislation and certification. For your information; All purchases of knives are to adults only, over the age of 18 years. If the purchase is not in person at our shop premises, The Lanes Armoury undertake a security, age and address check, in order to confirm the age of the buyer, through the electoral roll.
No data will be kept, or will be passed to any third parties in accordance with the Data Protection Act.

German WW2 Third Reich and Stalinist Items
Important notice, compared to other items of history that we sell, a very small percentage of our inventory are German, WW2 Third Reich items, as well as Stalinist period communist items. They are however, very much a highly relevant section of recent, modern history, from likely the most important and significant era in modern man's evolution. They are in no way sold to reflect, or aid, any political bent whatsoever. We are only interested in selling them to collectors of modern, historical artefacts. Furthermore, as copies of German WW2 items are so thoroughly prolific these days, we try to be especially selective in that particular area, wherever possible only buying from accredited and reputable sources, and therefore our selection and indeed our expertise on this particular and sensitive subject is limited. Please be assured we make every effort to offer items of that nature that we are confident in, or, as we describe accordingly. If any mail order purchase is made, of German WW2 militaria, that any buyer is not happy with, please feel free to return immediately [within 10 days] for a full refund. Quoted from Jeff Schrader of the US Antique Roadshow…. "Never forget" is a phrase often invoked when contemplating the Holocaust; we must never forget that it happened, so that it might never happen again. Part of keeping that memory alive must involve maintaining the physical evidence of it. Strange as it may at first seem, a market in which history-minded collectors place a monetary value on Nazi artefacts, and in which they buy and sell them to other collectors — or donate them to museums — can serve a role in preserving our collective historical memory. If an object has no value, it will eventually be disregarded and thrown away. That memory will die. And then we will have forgotten."

Monthly Weekend Book Sales/ Clearance
Due to the success of the weekend book sales [for in-house visitors] we will be having them regularly. Please email us at the Lanes Armoury the Premier Brighton Gun Shop, Brighton Sword Shop and Bookshop for details.

"Bearded battle axe from Battle of Falkirk in 1298" From the GLASGOW HERALD August 6th 2009
A Medieval battle axe used against the English at the Battle of Falkirk in 1298, has been put up for sale by an English armoury.
The rare weapon was discovered on the site of the battle, in which William Wallace's Scots army was defeated by the English king Edward I.
The steel "bearded" axe is thought to have belonged to a Scots foot soldier who may have used it the previous year to help win the Battle of Stirling Bridge before dying on the battlefield at Falkirk. His axe was found centuries later and hung on the wall of a noble's mansion until it found its way to Lanes Armoury in Brighton, East Sussex. Mark Hawkins, of the Lanes Armoury, said yesterday: "This was a pretty gruesome thing, designed expressly for combat, to chunk in to people.

"And it was a very effective weapon - a man who knew how to wield a battle axe was a very dangerous opponent.

"An axe like this has an awful lot of metal, so it could be lost on the battlefield and lie buried for hundreds of years relatively intact - unlike a sword which will rot away."

Medieval bearded axes - so called because of their beard-like appearance - like those used at the Battle of Falkirk, and later also at Bannockburn in 1314, were influenced by the Vikings.

They were a standard weapon for foot soldiers on both sides. Mr. Hawkins, a leading expert in antique arms and armour, said: "This was the weapon of a foot soldier - its haft is too long to wield from a horse.

"It was his prized possession, and simply too valuable to discard so it is likely its owner was killed.

"The only alternative is that a small crack visible on the socket occurred on the battlefield and rendered it un-useable.

"When it was found many years later it would not have been of much use, but it was a fabulous looking thing."

The battle axe was available from Lanes Armoury for £1195.

The Battle of Falkirk, on July 22, 1298, was a disaster for Scotland, with more than 2000 Scots killed. LATEST. The Lanes Armoury are especially pleased to announce the axe has now been returned home to Falkirk under it's latest stewardship by it's new owner [in August 2009]

Valuation For Insurance
Unless for probate purposes, unfortunately we do not appraise, value or make valuations for any items, at all. This is due to the considerable amount of subjective variations, as to types, condition, scarcity, desirability and all and any potential, as yet unknown, restoration costs. Value is always a subjective opinion that we cannot estimate. Purchasing Policy;..When we make our offer to purchase it is clearly made as that, an offer, to purchase an item or items from the legitimate owner or representative, over the age of 18 years, without any lien, finance or customs duties outstanding. Our offer is for immediate payment, whether by cash, cheque, or bank transfer. It is not a representation of a valuation.

Fair use notice
This website may contain copyrighted material the use
of which has not been specifically authorised by the copyright owner.
We are making such material and images available in our efforts to
advance the understanding of all military history and the weaponry used from the past three millennia for
educational & recreational purposes. All we are mainly concerned with, within our contextual descriptions, is the gaining, sharing and passing on knowledge. There is now way history, science or medicine, to name but a few, can progress or be remembered unless we all learn and duly pass on our knowledge. Knowledge should not be hoarded away or concealed, it must be spread and disseminated for the benefit of all. We believe this constitutes a
'fair use' of any such copyrighted material, as provided for in UK
copyright law. The information is purely for educational and research
purposes only. No profit is made from any of the material used. If you
hold the copyright on any material on the site, or material refers to
you, and you would like it to be removed, please let us know and we
will be delighted to remove it.

TV and Documentary Appearances
We are often pleased to assist television companies with the personal assistance and or appearances from the partners Mark and David, but please be aware long term notice is usually most helpful due to the pressure of traveling commitments.

Early Iron Antiquities From Roman to Medieval
Roman, Anglo Saxon, Celtic, Viking and Medieval edged weaponry, normally, during their liftetime have often been regarded as valued tools of war, some as symbols of status or family importance, and possibly of historical importance, but tools none the less. Putting it simply, all of the Western Civilisations had generally little overt respect for their edged weaponry's survival, state and condition over the long term, by comparison to the unique Japanese ethos.

But, on the other hand, in regards to the West’s surviving iron artefacts of the past two millennia, if the Western Civilisation's ancient edged weapons were lost, discarded or buried in the ground, and if the ground soil were made up of the right chemical composition, then some, may survive exceptionally well.
In the moist climates of Europe, preservation is worst in free-draining soils that have oxygenated water flowing through the soil profile. In these climates, fine-textured clay soils with permanent or seasonal waterlogging are more preserving than those with coarse sandy textures. Corrosion is slowed in peats and other waterlogged soils that are permanently anaerobic, especially if the groundwater is alkaline. Preservation in alkaline soils formed from calcareous parent materials may be augmented by protective carbonate coatings. The presence of chloride (e.g., in naturally saline soils or from tidal flooding, marine-affected atmospheric deposition, irrigation with saline water or spreading of salt) increases the corrosion rate of Iron.

Sadly, for example, for collectors of Viking iron artefacts in Scandinavia, it has generally very poor soil and ground conditions for the preservation of irons, but, areas of Germany are good, as are some areas in the south of England, southern Scotland and Northern Ireland, but Wales, Cornwall and northern England are generally very poor, like Scandinavia. Although, we have never seen any Viking, or mediaeval edged weapons for that matter, surviving anywhere near as good as it's Japanese weapon of equivalent age, if it has been preserved in a good enough non-acidic material for long enough, and conserved well enough when found, it can look remarkably fresh. The advantage that axes and heavy spears have over swords or daggers, is that if an edged sword blade has corrosive losses, for say the quarter inch of its surface that a sword/dagger may have corrupted over the centuries, there is sadly very little good steel left, and one can say in fact, it might result in it being just a shadow of its former self. However, with a with a heavy and much thicker axe head or spear, to lose a quarter of an inch of surface is no particular loss to the overall mass and eventual condition of the item if professionally conserved. And if in good discovered condition, if found in the right kind of soil, it could lose much less. Thus, with expert conservation a well made axe head or spear can look simply remarkably preserved, however, it must be said, far more are generally considerably corrupted, but that thus makes the difference between a relatively non-expensive surviving ancient artefact, and turns a far better quality and rarer surviving item into a valuable one. Antiquities sold by us were acquired by collectors up to 250 years ago, such as during the Grand Tour, and are thus, for example, sold to America and legal to buy/sell under U.S. Statute covering cultural patrimony Code 2600, CHAPTER 14. Antiquities exportation; Numismatic items of a standard type, as well as other objects possessing no “special features” and valued at less than £65,000, are excluded from the requirement of an archaeological artefact EU licence. This is because the UK has exercised its discretion to exclude them under Article 2(2) of the Regulation on the Export of Cultural Goods (EC 116/2009).These and other items can be exported under the Open General Export Licence.